Durán, Diego, d. 1588?. The Aztecs: the history of the Indies of New Spain

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Chapter I Which Treats Of The Possible Place Of Origin Of The Indians Of The Indies And Mainland Of This New World

Chapter Ii Which Treats Of How These Indians Came Out From Their Seven Caves In Order To Come To This Land

Chapter Iii Which Treats Of The Arrival Of The Aztecs In The Land Of Mexico And Of Events That Took Place Before They Reached It

Chapter Iv Which Treats Of What Befell The Aztecs After Their Arrival At Chapultepec

Chapter V Which Treats Of How The Aztecs, Counselled By Their God, Went To Seek The Prickly Pear Cactus And The Eagle And How They Found Them. And About The Agreement They Made For The Building Of The City

Chapter Vi About The First King Of Mexico, Called Acamapichtli, And What Took Place During His Reign

Chapter Vii Which Treats Of The Second King Of Mexico, Huitzilihuitl, And Of His Great Deeds And Feats

Chapter Viii Which Treats Of The Third King Of Mexico, Chimalpopoca, And The Things That Occurred During His Time

Chapter Ix Which Treats Of The Election Of King Itzcoatl And How He Liberated The City Of Mexico, With A Description Of Other Things That Occurred In His Time

Chapter X Which Treats Of How The Tecpanecs Of Coyoacan Waged War On The Aztecs, And How They Were Vanquished

Chapter Xi Which Treats Of How The Lords Of Mexico Requested King Itzcoatl To Grant Them Titles And How He Acceded To This Besides Giving Them The Lands Of Coyoacan

Chapter Xii Which Treats Of The Great Discord Which Arose Between The People Of Xochimilco And The Aztecs, With A Description Of How Xochimilco Was Vanquished By The Latter

Chapter Xiii Which Treats Of How, After The People Of Xochimilco Had Built The Causeway, King Itzcoatl Ordered The Division Of The Lands Of Xochimilco

Chapter Xiv Which Treats Of How The People Of Cuitlahuac Rebelled Against The Aztecs During The Reign Of King Itzcoatl And How They Were Vanquished

Chapter Xv Which Treats Of The Election Of The Fifth King Of Mexico, Called Huehue Moteczoma, The First Of This Name, With A Description Of The Pact Or Covenant That He Made With Nezahualcoyotl, King Of Texcoco

Chapter Xvi About How Moteczoma The First, Known As The Elder, In Times Of Peace Began To Build The Temple, And How Chalco Waged A War On Mexico And Lost

Chapter Xvii Which Treats Of The Cruel Attack Made By The Chalca Upon The Aztecs Between Amecameca And Tepopolan To Avenge The Bloody Sacrifice That They Had Suffered. And How Three Brothers Of The King Of Mexico Were Killed And The Chalca Finally Subdued

Chapter Xviii Which Treats Of How The People Of Tepeaca Waged War Against The Aztecs And Of How The Former Were Defeated, Harshly Treated And Brought As Prisoners To Mexico City To Be Sacrificed. With A Description Of The Funeral Ceremonies In Honor Of Those Aztecs Who Had Been Killed In The War With Chalco

Chapter Xix Which Treats Of The Great Discord That Arose Between The Aztecs And The Huaxtecs Of Tamapachco, Tochpan And Tzincoac, And How, After Having Fought, The Huaxtecs Were Vanquished And Killed

Chapter Xx Which Treats Of The Cruel Sacrifice Of The Huaxtecs At The Hands Of The Aztecs. With A Description Of The Skinning Ceremony Called Tlacaxipehualiztli. And How The Lords Of All The Neighboring States And Cities Were Invited To Witness This Spectacle And Great Festivities

Chapter Xxi Which Treats Of War With Orizaba. With A Description Of How That Province Stirred Up Trouble Against The Aztecs And How They Were Killed And Destroyed

Chapter Xxii Which Treats Of How Moteczoma Warred With Coaixtlahuaca Because Certain Messengers Of His Had Been Murdered. With A Description Of How That City Was Destroyed

Chapter Xxiii Which Treats Of The Sacrificial Ceremony Which Was Performed In Honor Of The Stone Called Cuauhxicalli, Image Of The Sun. With A Description Of How The Prisoners From Coaixtlahuaca Were Sacrificed Upon It

Chapter Xxiv Which Treats Of How The Province Of Cuetlaxtla Rebelled For A Second Time Due To The Advice Of The Tlaxcalans, With A Description Of How They Were Again Vanquished

Chapter Xxv Which Treats Of The Great Tribute And Wealth Received By Mexico From Many Provinces And Cities Which Had Been Conquered In War

Chapter Xxvi Which Treats Of The Laws, Ordinances And Statutes Decreed By King Moteczoma I In The City Of Mexico

Chapter Xxvii Which Treats Of How King Moteczoma The First. Now Reigning In Glory And Majesty, Sought The Place Of Origin Of His Ancestors, The Seven Caves, With A Description Of The Splendid Presents Which He Sent To Be Offered And Given To Those Who Might Be Found There

Chapter Xxviii Which Treats Of How The People Of The City Of Oaxaca Killed The Royal Envoys Who Were Returning From Coatzacualco. With A Description Of How The Aztecs Warred Upon Them, Destroyed Them And Settled The City With Aztecs, Texcocans And Xochimilca

Chapter Xxix Which Treats Or How The King And The Nobility Decided To Wage A Perpetual War Against Tlaxcala, Huexotzinco, Cholula, Atlixco, Tecoac, And Tliliuhquitepec, With A Description Of How Men Were To Be Brought To The Sacrifices On The Great Feasts And How Soldiers And The Sons Of The Lords Were To Practice Warfare

Chapter Xxx Which Treats Of The Great Famine That Devastated This Land For Three Years During The Reign Of Moteczoma The First, With A Description Of How This King Prevented His People From Perishing And Abandoning The City

Chapter Xxxi Which Treats Of How King Moteczoma Had A Rock Carved Upon The Hill Of Chapultepec, With A Description Of His Last Days And Death

Chapter Xxxii Which Treats Of The Election Of King Axayacatl And Of Things That Occurred In His Time

Chapter Xxxiii Which Treats Of A Fierce Battle Between The Aztecs Of Tlatelolco And Those Of Tenochtitlan

Chapter Xxxiv Which Treats Of A Second Battle Between The Aztecs And Tlatelolca And How The Latter Were Conquered

Chapter Xxxv Which Treats Of How The People Of Tenantzinco Begged The Aztecs For Aid Against Toluca And Matlatzinco, With A Description Of How This Help Was Sent And How The Latter Was Destroyed

Chapter Xxxvi Which Treats Of How The Two Stones Were Set In Their Places And How The Matlatzinca Were Sacrificed Upon Them

Chapter Xxxvii Which Treats Of How A War Against Michoacan Was Determined. With A Description Of How The Aztecs Were Vanquished And Almost All Of Them Slain

Chapter Xxxviii Which Treats Of The Long Funeral Rites With Which The Aztecs Remembered Those Who Had Died In The War, Especially The Brave Captains

Chapter Xxxix Which Treats Of The Election Of The Seventh King, Called Tizoc, With A Description Of The Gifts That The Lords Brought To The Dead Sovereign And The Speeches That Were Made

Chapter Xl Which Treats Of How The Aztecs Waged War On Metztitlan In Order To Bring Victims For The Festivities Of The Coronation And Anointing Of Their King

Chapter Xli Which Treats Or How, After The Funeral Of King Tizoc, A Younger Brother Of His Was Elected, And How There Was Some Controversy In This Election

Chapter Xlii Which Treats Of The Solemn Festival That Was Made On The Coronation Of King Ahuitzotl, And How Many Men Were Sacrificed

Chapter Xliii Which Treats Of How King Ahuitzotl Finished The Temple And How A Solemn Feast Was Made To Honor It And How Many Men Were Sacrificed

Chapter Xliv Which Treats Of How The Solemn Sacrifice Took Place And How Ahuitzotl Ordered Everyone — Men, Women And Elders — To Be Present So That They Would Remember

Chapter Xlv Which Treats Of How Aztec And Otomi Colonists Were Sent To Repopulate Alahuiztlan And Oztoman, The Two Cities That Had Been Destroyed

Chapter Xlvi Which Treats Of How The Aztecs Warred On Tehuantepec Ixhuatlan, Miahuatlan And Amaxtlan, With A Description Of How These Famous Provinces Were Conquered

Chapter Xlvii Which Treats Of How King Ahuitzotl Visited All The Temples When He Returned From War. With A Description Of The Great Offerings And Sacrifices Which He Made Out Of Gratitude For His Triumph

Chapter Xlvii Which Treats Of The Death Of Tlacaelel And Of How King Ahuitzotl Asked The Ruler Of Coyoacan For Water From Acuecuexco. With A Description Of The Excuses That Were Made To Him And How Ahuitzotl Therefore Had This Ruler Killed

Chapter Xlix Which Treats Of How The Waters Entered Mexico And How They Were Welcomed. With A Description Of How The City Was Flooded And The Inhabitants Fled

Chapter L Which Treats Of How News Arrived In Mexico That The Provinces Of Soconusco, Xolotla And Mazatlan Had Mistreated The People Of Tehuantepec Because The Latter Had Become Subject To The Aztecs. With A Description Of The War That The Aztecs Waged There

Chapter Li Which Treats Of The Death Of King Ahuitzotl. With A Description Of The Solemn Funeral Rites Performed In His Honor And Of The Wealth That Was Buried With Him

Chapter Lii Which Treats Of The Solemn Council That Was Made To Elect The New King Of Mexico. With A Description Of How The Powerful And Great Lord Moteczoma The Second Was Chosen

Chapter Liii Which Treats Of The Orders Given By King Moteczoma Regarding The Services That He And His Household Were To Receive. With A Description Of Other Things Commanded By This Great Monarch

Chapter Liv Which Treats Of The Solemn Festivities That Were Made On The Coronation And Public Anointment Of King Moteczoma And Of The Many Men Who Were Sacrificed

Chapter Lv Which Treats Of How Moteczoma Conquered The Provinces Of Cuatzontlan And Xaltepec. With A Description Of How He Ordered The Slaughter Of All The Old People, Though He Spared The Young

Chapter Lvi Which Treats Of Why Moteczoma Attacked And Conquered The Provinces Of Quetzaltepec And Tototepec. With A Description Of The Strong Resistance He Met In Conquering Them

Chapter Lvii Which Treats Of The Cruet. Battle Waged Between The Aztecs And The Men Of Huexotzinco In The Valley Of Atlixco. With A Description Of How The Flower Of Mexico And Texcoco Died And The Huexotzinca Triumphed

Chapter Lviii Which Treats Of How Moteczoma Had The Temple Of Coatlan Built Within That Of Huitzilopochtli; And How It Was Called Coateocalli, Or Temple Of The Serpent, Also Meaning The Temple Of The Many Gods

Chapter Lix Which Treats Of How The City Of Cholula Defied The Aztecs On The Road To Atlixco With A Description Of The Battle That Took Place Three Days After The Challenge

Chapter Lx Which Treats Of The Enmity And War That Arose Between Tlaxcala And Huexotzinco. With A Description Of How The Huexotzinca Asked The King Of Mexico For Help And How This Plea Was Granted

Chapter Lxi Which Treats Of How Nezahualpilli, King Of Texcoco, Told Moteczoma That The Spaniards Were Coming And That The Aztecs Would Have Very Few Victories Over His Enemies

Chapter Lxii Which Treats Of The Cruel Sacrifice Of The Tlaxcalan Victims On The Feast Of The Goddess Toci. With A Description Of How The Huexotzinca Were Angered By This And How They Burned Her Temple At Night

Chapter Lxiii Which Treats Of How A Comet Appeared In The Sky And How It Disturbed Moteczoma. With A Description Of How He Called The King Of Texcoco In Order To Discover Its Meaning

Chapters Lxiv And Lxv : Which Treat Of The Death Of Nezahualpilli, King Of Texcoco, And The Election Of A New Ruler Called Quetzalaxoyatl

Chapter Lxvi Which Treats Of How Moteczoma Ordered That A Large Stone Be Found For The Sacrifice Of The Skinning Of Men And Of What Occurred While It Was Being Brought To Mexico

Chapter Lxvii Which Treats Of How Moteczoma Decided To Abandon The City In Order To Hide Himself. With A Description Of How He Carried This Out, And An Ill-omen That Appeared Before These Events

Chapter Lxviii Which Treats Of How Moteczoma Ordered The Authorities To Investigate The Dreams Of The Old People Regarding The Coming Of The Spaniards. With A Description Of How He Had Them Killed Because They Revealed Dreams Contrary To His Desires

Chapter Lxix Which Treats Of How A Ship From Cuba Arrived In This Land And How Moteczoma, Having Been Notified Of This, Sent Emissaries To Investigate The Matter

Chapter Lxx Which Treats Of How Moteczoma Ordered A Painter To Draw Pictures Of The Spaniards According To The Description Ok Tlillancalque Teotlamacazqui And How The Aztec King Was Desirous Of Knowing What Kind Of People Had Arrived In His Land

Chapter Lxxi Which Treats Of How Don Hernando Cortes, Of Happy Memory, Disembarked At The Port Of Chalchiuhcueyecan, “place Of She Of The Jade Shirt,” And How, When News Came To Moteczoma Regarding These Things, He Ordered Provisions Be Sent To Cortes

Chapter Lxxii Which Treats Of How Moteczoma Sent A Chieftain To Bring Cortes And Of How He Guided The Spaniards To A Cliff. With A Description Of How Two Horses Fell, Two Spaniards Were Killed And Of How The Chieftain Fled And Was Later Executed By Moteczoma

Chapter Lxxiii Which Treats Of How The Tlaxcalans Held A Meeting, Deciding To Receive Cortes In Peace And Deliver The City To Him. With A Description Of The Great Reception In His Honor

Chapter Lxxiv Which Treats Of How Hernando Cortes Was Received In Mexico By Moteczoma And His Chieftains With Much Solemnity And Rejoicing. With A Description Of How He Was Lodged In A Palace In The City To Be Well Served There. And How King Moteczoma Was Taken Prisoner

Chapter Lxxv Which Treats Of How Captain Panfilo De Narvaez Arrived At The Port Of Veracruz And How Cortes Captured Him And Sent Him Away. With A Description Of How Cortes Returned To Mexico With His Men And How A Rebellion Broke Out Among The Natives Against The Spaniards

Chapter Lxxvi Which Treats Of How Don Hernando Cortes Fled From His Quarters And How The Indians Noticed His Departure. With A Description Of How Many Spaniards And Indians Were Killed In That Flight

Chapter Lxxvii Which Treats Of How Cortes Came From Tlaxcala To Texcoco. With A Description Of How He Built Brigantines In Order To Take Mexico, And How King Cuauhtemoc Defended Himself With Great Valor

Chapter Lxxviii Which Treats Of How Don Hernando Cortes, Marques Del Valle, After Having Conquered Mexico, Left That City In Good Order. With A Description Of The Conquest Of Other Provinces And The Death Of Cuauhtemoc

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Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: The Aztecs: the history of the Indies of New Spain

Published By: Original publisher New York: Orion Press. 1964. xxxii, 382 p. ill.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication By Fray Diego Durán ; translated with notes, by Doris Heyden and Fernando Horcasitas. Introd. by Ignacio Bernal

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2017. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Aztecs (NU07)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Traditional history (173); History (175); Chief executive (643); External relations (648); Warfare (726); Aftermath of combat (727); Instigation of war (721); Special burial practices and funerals (766); Prayers and sacrifices (782); Representative art (532);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This comprehensive history of the Aztecs from the native perspective is an English "adaptation" of the Spanish text by a sympathetic mid-sixteenth century Dominican friar who spoke Nahuatl and employed numerous informants who could interpret and elaborate upon surviving pre-Hispanic codices. Beginning with mythic origins in Aztlan and the journey to Tenochtitlan, it proceeds with increasing detail through the reign of each sovereign, concluding with a rather brief account of the Spanish conquest. Most illustrations are taken from earlier Colonial period codices rather than the original work.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 31

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. nu07-031

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English translation from Spanish

Note: Uniform Title: Historia de las Indias de Nueva España y Islas de Tierra Firme. English|Translation of Historia de las Indias de Nueva-España y islas de Tierra Firme]| 'Covers the entire Historia de las Indias but does not include the books dedicated to rites and the calendar.' Includes bibliographical references (p. 361-365)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1559-1581

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Missionary-4,5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Marlene Martin ; 1984

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1350-1525

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) central highland Mexico

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Aztecs--History/Aztecs--Social life and customs/Mexico--History--To 1519/Mexico--History--Conquest, 1519-1540

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