Sahagún, Bernadino de, -1590. General history of the things of New Spain: Florentine codex: book 9 -- the merchants

Table of Contents

Publication Information

De Los Mercaderes

Ninth Book, Which Telleth Of The Merchants And The Artisans: Those Who Worked Gold, And Precious Stones, And Precious Feathers.

First Chapter , Which Telleth Of Those Who Founded Commerce In Mexico And Tlatilulco.

Second Chapter. Here Is Told How The Merchants Began Their Office, In Which They Were Considered [and] Honored As Principal [merchants].

Third Chapter , Which Telleth Of The Offerings Which The Merchants Made When They Were Going To Set Out Somewhere.

Fourth Chapter , Which Telleth What The Merchants Did When They Reached Where They Were Going.

Fifth Chapter , Which Telleth How The Merchants Were Given The Name Of Disguised Merchants.

Sixth Chapter , Which Telleth How The Merchants Made Offerings When They Reached Their Homes, Whence They Had Gone, Called The Washing Of Feet.

Seventh Chapter , Which Telleth How These Merchants At That Time Held A Banquet.

Eighth Chapter , Which Telleth How He Who Held The Banquet Performed The Act Of Offering, To Pay The Debt [to The Gods], When The Singers Were About To Begin To Dance; And What They Did During The Night.

Ninth Chapter , Which Telleth What They Did When It Was About To Dawn, And What They Did When The Sun Arose.

Tenth Chapter. Here Is Told Of Still Another Feast Celebration (which Was Called “the Bathing”). It Was Especially The Merchants Who Performed It. And When This Took Place, They Observed A Feast Day; They Slew Slaves.

Untitled Section: ...

Eleventh Chapter. Here Is Told What Was Done When The Holding Of A Feast Was Determined: He Went To Invite The Other Merchants To Banquet There At Tochtepec.

Twelfth Chapter. Here Is Told What The One Who Determined The Holding Of The Feast Prepared In His City When He Returned From The Invited Guests.

Thirteenth Chapter. Here Is Told How They Began The Feast And What Was Then Done.

Fourteenth Chapter. Here Is Told How They Slew The Slaves At The Time That They Observed The Feast Day. 1

Fifteenth Chapter. Here Are Mentioned All The Makers Of Fine Ornaments Called Master Craftsmen: The Goldworkers And Lapidaries. 1

Sixteenth Chapter. Here Is Told How The Craftsmen Who Cast Precious Metals Fashioned Their Wares. 1

Seventeenth Chapter. Here Are Discussed The Lapidaries Who Worked Precious Stones.

Eighteenth Chapter. Here Are Mentioned The Inhabitants Of Amantlan, Ornamenters Who Worked Precious Feathers And Many Other Kinds Of Feathers.

Nineteenth Chapter. Here Is Told How The Inhabitants Of Amantlan, Ornamenters Who Made Feather Articles, Celebrated A Feast Day To Their Gods.

Twentieth Chapter , Which Telleth The Manner In Which These Inhabitants Of Amantlan, The Ornamenters, Worked Feathers For Adornment.

Twenty-first Chapter. Here Is Told How Those Of Amantlan, The Ornamenters, Performed Their Task.

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: General history of the things of New Spain: Florentine codex: book 9 -- the merchants

Published By: Original publisher Sante Fe, New Mexico: The School of American Research and the University of Utah. 1959. 14, 97 p., 13 plates ill.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Fray Bernadino de Sahagún ; translated from the Aztec, with notes and illustrations, by Arthur J. O. Anderson and Charles E. Dibble

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2017. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Aztecs (NU07)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Mercantile business (441); Travel (484); Status, role, and prestige (554); Aftermath of combat (727); Chief executive (643); External trade (439); Forest products (314); Accumulation of wealth (556); Oratory (537); Luck and chance (777); Prayers and sacrifices (782); Visiting and hospitality (574); Recreational and non-therapeutic drugs (276);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document The Franciscan missionary Sahagún presaged modern ethnography when, beginning the 1540s, he initiated a project to better comprehend pre-Conquest Aztec ideology and culture, interviewing elderly elites and having the data transcribed and illustrated by multilingual native scholars over a period of some thirty years. This is an English language translation of the original side-by-side Spanish and Nahuatl text. It describes the history, organization and activities of the Aztec merchants or traders, especially during the late period when the empire was at its greatest extent, and with particular attention to the selling and treatment of slaves. It also provides detailed information on the processes of working gold, silver, and precious stones, and of featherwork, a specialty of the ward of Amantlan in Tenochtitlan.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 18

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. nu07-018

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English translation from Aztec

Note: Uniform title: Historia general de las cosas de Nueva España. English & Aztec

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1540-1579

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Missionary-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. John Beierle - 1966, 1984

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1480-1579

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) central and southern Mexico

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Indians of Mexico--Antiquities/Aztecs/Natural history--Mexico/Mexico--History--Conquest, 1519-1540/Mexico--Antiquities

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