Sahagún, Bernadino de, -1590. General history of the things of New Spain: Florentine codex: book 1 -- the gods

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De Los Dioses

First Book. Here Are Named The Gods Who Were Worshipped By The Natives.

First Chapter , Which Telleth Of The Highest Gods 1 Who Were Worshipped And To Whom Sacrifices Were Offered In Times Past.

Second Chapter , Which Telleth Of The God Named He Who Hasteneth (paynal), Who Was Worshipped, And To Whom Sacrifices Were Offered, In Ancient Times.

Third Chapter , Which Telleth Of The God Named Smoking Mirror (tezcatlipoca), Who, In Times Past, Was Worshipped As A God, And To Whom Offerings Were Made.

Fourth Chapter , Which Telleth Of The [rain-]god Named Tlaloc, The Priest. 13

Fifth Chapter , Which Telleth Of The God Named Plumed Serpent (quetzalcoatl).

Sixth Chapter: Here Are Noted The Greatest Goddesses Who Were Worshipped As Idols, Whom The Natives Falsely Revered As Gods.

Seventh Chapter: Here Is Named The Goddess Called Seven Snake 29 (chicome Coatl).

Eighth Chapter: Here Is Named The Goddess Called The Mother Of The Gods (teteu Innan), Who Is Also Named Heart Of The Earth (tlalli Yiollo) And Our Grandmother (toci).

Ninth Chapter , In Which One Heareth Of The Goddess Named The Goddess Of Zapotlan (tzapotlan Tenan).

Tenth Chapter , Which Telleth Of The Goddesses [called] The Princesses (ciuapipiltin). 45

Eleventh Chapter: Which Telleth Of The Goddess Named The Jade-skirted (chalchiuhtli Ycue), Who Was [goddess Of] The Waters.

Twelfth Chapter , Which Telleth Of The Goddess Of Vice (tlaçolteutl). 53

Thirteenth Chapter , Which Teileth Of The Little Gods—the Lesser [ones], 65 Who Were Considered The Very Old Gods.

Fourteenth Chapter , Which Telleth Of The God Named Five Flower (macuilxochitl) And Flower Prince (xochipilli).

Fifteenth Chapter , Which Telleth Of The God Named Two Reed (omacatl).

Sixteenth Chapter , Which Telleth Of The God Named Little Black Face (ixtlilton), The Earth-stamper (tlaltetecuini). 76

Seventeenth Chapter , Which Telleth Of The God Whose Name Was Left (opochtli), Whom Anciently Men Here Worshipped As A God.

Eighteenth Chapter , Which Telleth Of The God Named Our Lord The Flayed One (xipe Totec). 83

Nineteenth Chapter , Which Telleth Of The God Named Lord At The Vanguard (yiacatecutli). 91

Twentieth Chapter , Which Telleth Of The God Whose Name Was Lord Of The Four Directions (napa Tecutli).

Twenty-first Chapter , Which Telleth Of Those Called The Little Molded Ones (tepictoton), Who Were Held To Be Among The Tlalocs.

Twenty-second Chapter , Which Telleth Of The God With The Mirror In His Hair (tezcatzoncatl), Who Also Was Held To Be One Of The Four Hundred Rabbits (centzontotochti).

Untitled Section: ...

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Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: General history of the things of New Spain: Florentine codex: book 1 -- the gods

Published By: Original publisher Sante Fe, New Mexico: The School of American Research and the University of Utah. 1950. vi, 46 p., 9 plates ill.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Fray Bernadino de Sahagún ; translated from the Aztec, with notes and illustrations, by Arthur J. O. Anderson and Charles E. Dibble

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2017. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Aztecs (NU07)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Spirits and gods (776); Organized ceremonial (796); Priesthood (793); Sacred objects and places (778); Medical personnel (759); Magicians and diviners (791); Pharmaceuticals (278); Medical therapy (757); Theory of disease (753); Ordering of time (805); Purification and atonement (783); Revelation and divination (787); Slavery (567); Alcoholic beverages (273); Prayers and sacrifices (782); Medical therapy (757);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document The Franciscan missionary Sahagún presaged modern ethnography when, beginning the 1540s, he initiated a project to better comprehend pre-Conquest Aztec ideology and culture, interviewing elderly elites and having the data transcribed and illustrated by multilingual native scholars over a period of some thirty years. This is an English language translation of the original side-by-side Spanish and Nahuatl text. It enumerates the gods, including their shrines and artistic representations, attendants and worshipers, and associated ritual practices.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 2

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. nu07-002

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Component part(s), monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English translation from Aztec

Note: Uniform title: Historia general de las cosas de Nueva España. English & Aztec Omitted from the files: pages 27-46, an Appendix

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1540-1579

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Missionary-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Timothy J. O'Leary ; 1957

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1500-1579

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) central highland Mexico

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Indians of Mexico--Antiquities/Aztecs/Natural history--Mexico/Mexico--History--Conquest, 1519-1540/Mexico--Antiquities

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