Kroeber, A. L. (Alfred Louis), 1876-1960. Zuñi kin and clan

Table of Contents

Publication Information

I. Kinship.

Summary List Of Terms.

The Individual Terms.

Tattcu, Father.

Tsitta, Mother.

Terms For Children.

Inniha, Stepmother.

Nanna, Grandfather, Grandson.

Hotta, Maternal Grandmother, Granddaughter.

Wowwo, Paternal Grandmother, Woman's Son's Daughter.

Brother And Sister Relationships.

Pappa, Older Brother.

Kyawwu, Older Sister.

Suwe, Younger Brother Of A Man.

Ikkyinna, Younger Sister Of A Man.

Hanni, Younger Brother Or Sister Of A Woman.

Kyakkya, Mother's Brother.

Kyasse, Man's Sister's Child.

Kukku, Father's Sister.

Talle, Woman's Brother's Son.

Eyye, Woman's Brother's Daughter.

Hacci And Tsillu, Mother's Sisters.







Iannikyinna, Hamme.

Husband And Wife Terms.

Ceremonial Kinship Terms.



Kinship Terms Among Clan Members.


Descent And Generation.




Reciprocal Expression.

European Influence.

Basic Reciprocity.


Keresan Kinship.


Ii. The House And Marriage.

Iii. The Clan.

Principal Features.

Marriage Regulations.

List Of Clans.

Moieties And Phratries.

Keresan Moieties And Marriage.

Zuñi Phratries And Marriage.


Localization Of Clans.

Size Of Clans And Families.

Kinship In The Clan.

Clan Heads.

The Pueblo Clan System.


Historical Inferences.


Origin And Meaning.

Relations With Non-pueblo Tribes.

Strength Of The Groups.

Religious Functions Of Clans.

Relations To The Fraternities.

Relations To The Kokko Ceremonies.

Relations To The Priesthoods And Fetishes.



Governmental Functions Of Clans.

Place Of The Clan In Zuñi Society.

Iv. The Town.

The Survey.


Changes In Religious Structures.

Growth Of The Town.

The Original Town.

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Zuñi kin and clan

Published By: Original publisher New York: The Trustees, 1917. 39-204 p.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication by A. L. Kroeber

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: HRAF, 2009. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Zuni (NT23)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Kinship terminology (601); Clans (614); Household (592); Settlement patterns (361); Sodalities (575); Comparative evidence (171);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This account is based on field work undertaken in 1915-1916. The author, a famed ethnologist, discusses Zuni kinship, household and family organization and clans. He evaluates their importance for social relationships and membership in other groups paying particular attention to fraternities and the priesthood. The materials were gathered systematically through censuses of several clans, fraternities and priesthood. Some comparisons are with other Pueblo groups and a number of comments are offered on earlier studies of these groups and of Zuni. The physical aspects of the town are described in the text and maps, and settlement patterns and movements to new houses within Zuni are also discussed and related to family organization . Finally the author notes some changes that have occurred in Zuni during the period between the field work of several earlier ethnologists and his own trip.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 3

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. nt23-003

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1915-1916

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Betty Potash ; 1961: John Beierle; 2007

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1915-1916

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Zuni Pueblo, New Mexico, United States

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Zuni Indians/Indians of North America--Social life and customs/Clans


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