Smithson, Carma Lee. The Havasupai woman

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Chapter I Geographical And Cultural Setting

Natural Environment



The Factor Of Water Supply

Climate, Plants And Animals

The Reservation And Its Administration

Government Services

Tribal Origin And Classification

Linguistic Relationships And Tribal Name

Intertribal Contacts

Political And Social Organization

Aboriginal Units

The Economy, Old And New

The Precontact Pattern

Economic Transition



Mission Activity


Chapter Ii Infancy And Childhood


Birth Customs

Use Of The Cradleboard

Infant Care

Sitting And Crawling

Learning To Walk

Returning The Umbilical Cord

Toilet Training



Hair Cutting

Names And Naming

Children In The Social Group

The Social Group


Economic Training


Aggression And Quarrels



Children Of Divorced Parents

Care Of Orphans

Deviant Personalities

Chapter Iii Puberty And Adolescence

Recognition Of Puberty

Training At Puberty

Functions Of The Puberty Ceremony

Mythical Origin Of Menstruation

The Puberty Ceremony And Folklore

The Puberty Dress

Bath, Shampoo, And Paint

Running At Sunset And Sundown


Clothing, Adornment, And Beauty Practices

Sexual Attitudes And Premarital Experiences

Teaching Modesty And Reticence

Learning About Sex

Behavior During Courting

Tolerance And Restraint

Illegitimate Births

Prostitution And Adult Promiscuity

Social Behavior And Relationships

Admonition And Instruction

Grandparental And Other Relations

Chapter Iv Marriage

Women's Attitudes Toward Marriage

Possible Sources Of Ambivalence

Changes In The Pattern

Courtship And Trial Marriage

Primary Courtship

Secondary Courtship

Growth Of Trial Marriage

Marriage Arrangements

Parentally Arranged Marriages

Marriage By Nocturnal Visit

Recent Changes

The Marriage Gift

Forms Of Marriage

Forms Of Marriage

Availability And Age Of Marriage Partners

Imbalance In Sex Ratio

Age Differences Of Spouses

Residence After Marriage


Adultery And Divorce

Divorce For Barrenness

Problem Of Tallying Divorces

Relationship Between Husband And Wife

Sharing The Work

Authority And Accommodation

Chapter V Motherhood

Conception And Pregnancy

Intercourse And Continence

Powers Of A Pregnant Woman

Taboos During Pregnancy

Contraception And Abortion


Position And Assistance In Labor

Rites After Birth

Difficulties In Labor

Relationship Between Mother And Children

Intrafamily Conflict

Economic Training

Care Of Others' Children

Old Age

Two Observed Cases


Chapter Vi Economic Status And Role

Division Of Labor

Predominantly Male Activities

Women's Work

Recent Employment

Ownership And Inheritance Of Property

Tensions And Changes

Arts And Crafts

The Food Complex

Food Sources

Preparation Of Food

Chapter Vii Leadership And Public Participation

Tribal Government


Ceremonies And Other Public Activities


Announcements Of Divorce




Special Testimony Or Advice.

Fighting And Quarreling

Suicide And Murder

Chapter Viii Conclusion

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: The Havasupai woman

Published By: Original publisher Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press. 1959. viii, 170 p. ill.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Carma Lee Smithson

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2010. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Havasupai (NT14)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Geography (130); General character of religion (771); Infancy and childhood (850); Transmission of skills (868); Marriage (580); Conception (842); Division of labor by gender (462); Community heads (622); Local officials (624); Deliberative councils (646); Shamans and psychotherapists (756);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This document, which was first submitted as an M. A. thesis to the Department of Anthropology, University of Utah, was the outcome of four field trips made over a total period of five months during which the author lived among the Havasupai people. This work gives the reader a general picture of Havasupai life both as it exists today, after considerable acculturation, and as it existed in the past prior to European contacts. Much emphasis in the paper is placed on the position of the Havasupai woman in the society. The data presented herein was obtained primarily from nine informants, three men and six women, ranging in age from 31 to 86 years of age. Frequent references to the works of other ethnographers who have studied the Havasupai in the past are made throughout the document, and many direct quotations are presented primarily from the studies of Leslie Spier.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 4

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. nt14-004

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Thesis (M.A.)-University of Utah, Salt Lake, 1959 Includes bibliographical references (p. 168-170)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1951-1958

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. John Beierle; 1960; John Beierle; 2010

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1850-1958

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Havasupai, Cataract Canyon Region, Arizona, United States

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Yuman Indians


Copy and paste a formatted citation or use one of the links below to export the citation to your chosen bibliographic manager.

Export a Citation