Eells, Myron, 1843-1907. The Twana Indians of the Skokomish Reservation in Washington Territory

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Art. Iv.—the Twana Indians Of The Skokomish Reservation In Washington Territory.

Plates 23–25. Introduction.

Part I.—man.

A.—physical Nature.


C.—psychical Phenomena.

D.—tribal Phenomena.

Part Ii.—surroundings Or Environment.



Part Iii.—culture.

§ 1.— Means Of Subsistence.




D.—savors, Flavors, Etc.

E.—medicines, Poisons, Etc.

§ 2.— Habitations.


B.—appurtenances To Dwellings.

C.—furniture And Utensils.


§3.— Vessels And Utensils.

A.—natural Material.

A.—vessels For Holding And Carrying Water, Food, Etc.

B. Vessels And Utensils For Preparing Food.

C.—vessels And Utensils For Serving And Eating Food.

D.—ornamental And Miscellaneous Vessels, Etc.

§ 4 — Clothing.

A.—raw Material.

B.—fabrics In Different Stages Of Manufacture.

C.—suits Of Clothing.




G.—leg And Foot Clothing.

H.—parts Of Dress.

I.—receptacles For Dress.

§ 5.— Personal Adornment.

A.—skin Ornamentation.

B.—head Ornaments.


D.—breast And Body Ornaments.

E.—ornaments Of The Limbs.


G.—other Personal Ornaments.

§ 6.— Implements.

I.— Of General Use.

Ii.— Implements Of War And The Chase.



C.—weapons For Cutting And Striking.


E.—projectile Weapons.

F.—defensive Weapons.

G.—besieging And Assaulting Contrivances.


I.—trophies And Standards.

K.—other Weapons.

Iii.— Implements Of Special Use.

A.—flint And Stone Work, Embracing Also Working In Ivory And Other Hard Materials.

B.—implements For Fire-making And Utilizing.

C.—implements For Bow And Arrow Making.

D.—fishing-implements Other Than Weapons.

E.—hunting-implements Other Than Weapons.

F.—leather-working Tools.

G.—builders' Tools.

I—potters' Tools.

J.—tools For Mining And Metallurgy.

K.—tools For Procuring And Manufacturing Food.

L.—agricultural Implements.

M.—basket-working Tools.

N.—tools For Making And Working Fiber.

O.—implements Of Nomadic And Pastoral Life.

P.—implements Of Special Crafts Not Enumerated.

§ 7.— Means Of Locomotion And Transportation.

A.—traveling By Water.

B.—appurtenances To The Foregoing.

C.—traveling On Foot.

D.—land Conveyances And Other Means Of Transportation.

§ 8.— Measuring And Valuing.




§ 9.— Writing.

§ 10.— Sports And Pastimes.


B.—field Sports And Pastimes.

C.—sports And Toys Of Children.

§ 11.— Music.

§ 12.— Art.

§ 13.— Language And Literature.


§ 14.— Domestic Life.




D.—rights And Wrongs.

§ 15.— Social Life And Customs.

A.—organization Of Society.


§ 16.— Government And Political Economy.


B.—regulations, Laws, Etc.

§ 17.— Religion.

A.—objects Of Reverence And Worship.

B.—holy Places And Objects.

C.—ecclesiastical Organization.

D.—sacred Rites.



Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: The Twana Indians of the Skokomish Reservation in Washington Territory

Published By: Original publisher Washington: [s.n.]. 1877. 57-114 p. ill.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication By Rev. M. Eells

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2020. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Southern Coast Salish (NR26)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Identification (101); Public welfare (657); External trade (439); Buying and selling (432); Missions (797); Community heads (622); Dwellings (342); Building interiors and arrangement (353); General tools (412); Hunting and trapping (224); Fishing (226); Inter-ethnic relations (629); Sodalities (575); General character of religion (771); Animism (774); Eschatology (775); Mythology (773); Spirits and gods (776); Status, role, and prestige (554);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This report describes the lives of Twana people as observed during the first few decades following their relocation to Skokomish Reservation, during which they had intensive contacts not just with United States government agents, but also with Christian missionaries and international trading companies. This induced notable changes in traditional culture, especially in regard to food, dwellings, clothes, basic tools, manners, war, hunting, political organization, and religion.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 2

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. nr26-002

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Author's edition. Department of the Interior. United States Geological and Geographical Survey, F. V. Hayden, U.S. Geologist-in-Charge

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1874-1877

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Missionary-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Teferi Abate Adem ; 2019

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1855-1877

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Skokomish Reservation, Mason county, Washington, United States

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Twana Indians


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