Stern, Theodore. Some sources of variability in Klamath mythology

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Publication Information

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Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Some sources of variability in Klamath mythology

Published in: if part or section of a book or monograph Journal of American folklore

Published By: Original publisher Journal of American folklore Boston ; New York: Published for the American Folk-lore Society by Houghton, Mifflin, and Co.. 1956. 1-12, 135-146, 377-386 p.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication by Theodore Stern

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 1998. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Klamath (NR10)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Personality traits (157); Sociocultural trends (178); Literature (538); Mythology (773); Spirits and gods (776); Sexuality (831);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This three-part article is an examination of the principal sources of variability in the elements, episodes, plots and characters of Klamath myths. The author compares the myths recorded by the linguist, Albert S. Gatschet in 1877, with those he himself recorded in the 1950s and discovers variations among them both within and between the different periods. Traditionally, myths varied by setting: the multiple-family winter lodge where complete epochs were recounted, women work groups where more ribald and personally-spiced mythic episodes were exchanged, and children's bedtime where stories served to inculcate moral standards. Changes due to acculturation have also altered the cultural context in which myths found their meaning. For example, the more obscene and repetitive elements of myths have been dropped. Stern attributes some differences to the stylistic idiosyncracies of narrators based on their differences in sex, age and life experiences. While narrators were held by the audience to certain standards, they were also praised for their personal stylistic embellishments.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 11

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. nr10-011

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Journal Article

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliograhical references

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1950-51

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-4,5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Ian Skoggard ; 1996

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1877-1951

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Klamath County, Oregon, United States

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Klamath Indians


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