Stern, Theodore. Livelihood and tribal government on the Klamath Indian Reservation

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Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Livelihood and tribal government on the Klamath Indian Reservation

Published in: if part or section of a book or monograph Human organization -- Vol. 20

Published By: Original publisher Human organization -- Vol. 20 Washington, D.C.: The Society for Applied Anthropology. 1962. 172-180 p.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Theodore Stern

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 1998. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Klamath (NR10)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Real property (423); Tribe and nation (619); Deliberative councils (646); Public welfare (657); Political parties (665); Elections (666);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This article is an examination of the vitality and effectiveness of the Klamath Indian tribal government and its relationship to the tribal economy. By privatizing reservation land, the Dawes Act (1895) was designed to break up the tribal 'mass' and to 'individualize' the Indians. However, in the case of the Klamath, a large tract of forest land (860,000 acres), unsuitable for farming, continued to be held in common and administered by the Bureau of Indian Affairs which later leased it to commercial lumber interests. In 1950, the per capita income earned by reservation Indians from commercial lumbering exceeded the median county family income. This dependency on an assured income and contentment with the status quo undermined Klamath economic diversification and development, weakened tribal solidarity, and engendered general political apathy. The more politically active did form factions and vied for control over various executive committees within the General Council, however, the factions did not have wide support because they did not control the tribes most valuable resource: its timberland.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 10

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. nr10-010

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Journal Article

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1949-58

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-4,5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Ian Skoggard ; 1996

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1864-1958

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Klamath County, Oregon, United States

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Klamath Indians

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