Ray, Verne Frederick, 1905-2003. Lower Chinook ethnographic notes

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Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Lower Chinook ethnographic notes

Published By: Original publisher Seattle: University of Washington. 1938. 29-165 p. ill.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication by Verne F. Ray

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2004. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Chinookans of the Lower Columbia River (NR06)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Hunting and trapping (224); Marine hunting (225); Fishing (226); Food preparation (252); Diet (262); Mats and basketry (285); Normal garb (291); Dwellings (342); Outbuildings (343); Utensils (415); External trade (439); Games (524); Gambling (525); Status, role, and prestige (554); Classes (565); Arranging a marriage (584); Kinship terminology (601); Warfare (726); Mythology (773); Puberty and initiation (881); Texts translated into english (902);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This document is a detailed ethnographic study of the Chinook Indians of the Lower Chinook region (lower Columbia River and Willapa Bay in Washington State), with particular emphasis on their material culture. The field work for this study was done in the summers of 1931 and 1936 along with several brief intervening periods following. Much of the information was gathered from the author's two principal informants -- Emma Millet Luscier and Mrs. Bertrand, and further supplemented by the recorded observations and commentaries of James G. Swan, Lewis and Clark, Gabriel Franchere, and the first whites to visit the Chinook around 1792 -- Gray, Boit, and Broughton. Major topics discussed in this work are: social structure (class, rank, slavery), warfare, life cycle events, the guardian spirit complex, diversions (games, gambling, smoking), trade, hunting (land and marine), fishing, foods and food preparation, domestic life, dress and ornament, and mythology.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 1

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. nr06-001

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 157-159)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document Summers of 1931, 1936

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-4,5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. John Beierle ; 2002

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). ca. 1850-1936

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Lower Chinook region (lower Columbia River and Willapa Bay), Washington State, United States

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Chinook Indians

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