White, Max Edgar. An ethnoarchaeological approach to Cherokee subsistence and settlement patterns

Table of Contents

Publication Information

I. Introduction

A. Background And Rationale

1. Methods

2. Environment

3. Ethnohistory

4. Ethnoarchaeology

5. Archaeology

6. Ethnographic Analogy

Ii. Tribal History

Iii. Biogeographic Environment

A. Physiography

B. Climate

C. Forest Zones

D. Resources

1. Mammals

White-tailed Deer ( Odocoileus Virginianus )

Eastern Elk ( Cervus Canadensis )

Eastern Buffalo ( Bison Bison Pennsylvanicus )

Black Bear ( Ursus Americanus )

Raccoon ( Procyon Lotor )

Opossum ( Didelphis Marsupialis )

Rabbit ( Sylvilagus Spp.)

Woodchuck ( Marmota Monax )

Eastern Chipmunk ( Tamias Striatus )

Squirrels ( Sciurus Spp.)

Beaver ( Castor Canadensis )

Muskrat ( Ondatra Zibethicus )

2. Birds

Wild Turkey ( Meleagris Gallopavo )

Passenger Pigeon ( Ectopistes Migratorius )

Ruffed Grouse ( Bonasa Umbellus )

Bob-white ( Colinus Virginianus )

American Woodcock ( Philohela Minor )

Migratory Game Birds

Songbirds

3. Reptiles And Amphibians

Snapping Turtle ( Chelydra Serpentina )

Terrapin ( Terrapene Carolina )

Spiny Softshell Turtle ( Trionyx Spiniferus )

Frogs And Salamanders

4. Molluscs And Crustaceans

5. Fish

6. Floral Resources

7. Summary

Iv. Cherokee Subsistence And Settlement Patterns

A. Settlement Patterns

B. Subsistence: Hunting

Untitled Section: ...

Miscellaneous Animals

C. Subsistence: Fishing

D. Subsistence: Gathering

E. Subsistence: Agriculture

F. Summary And Conclusion

V. Cherokee Archaeology

A. Area Culture History

B. Archaeological Identification Of The Cherokees

C. Archaeological Excavations In The Cherokee Area

1. Coosawattee Site

2. Warren Wilson Site

3. Chota Site

D. Settlement Patterns

E. Summary: Archaeological Evidence Of Cherokee Subsistence And Settlement Patterns

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: An ethnoarchaeological approach to Cherokee subsistence and settlement patterns

Published By: Original publisher Ann Arbor, Michigan: University Microfilms International. 1980 [1987 copy]. iv, ix, 306 p. ill., maps

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Max Edgar White

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2019. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Cherokee (NN08)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Prehistory (172); Historical and archival research (127); Food quest (220); Settlements (360); Diet (262);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This document provides a desription and explanation of the settlement and subsistence patterns, both historic and prehistoric, of the Eastern Cherokee. The author integrates ecological, archeological, historical and ethnographic data in this comprehensive historical reconstruction. After an initial theoretical discussion of ethnoarcheological research, the author presents a brief history of the Cherokee. Chapter 3 is on the biogeographical environment, and includes information on the physiography, climate, biomes, and natural resources (organic and inorganic) of the Eastern Cherokee country. Chapter 4 is a lengthy discussion of settlement and subsistence patterns from some unspecified period of time in the past. Chapter 5 is on Cherokee archeology. It includes a culture history, descriptions of several sites, and a reconstruction of settlement patterns. The piece concludes by pointing out the generally good fit between the ethnohistorical and archeological data presented. True to its title, the source is strictly confined to the subjects of subsistence and patterns of settlement. Major historical events (e.g. the Removal) are included if they are clearly relevant to the subjects at hand. Theoretically, the author brings together a wealth of data to illustrate the complementarity and mutual relevance of ethnohistorical and archeological research.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 29

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. nn08-029

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: UM8020044 Thesis (Ph.D.) -- Indiana University, Bloomington, 1980 Includes bibliographical references

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document summer of 1976; spring and fall of 1977

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-Archaeologist, Ethnologist-4,5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Christopher Latham ; John Beierle ; 1988

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1976-1977

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) southeast - especially Tennessee and North Carolina, United States

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Cherokee Indians

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