Mooney, James, 1861-1921. Myths of the Cherokee: and sacred formulas of the Cherokees

Table of Contents

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Myths Of The Cherokee

I—introduction

Ii—historical Sketch Of The Cherokee

The Traditionary Period

The Period Of Spanish Exploration—1540–?

The Colonial And Revolutionary Period—1654–1784

Relations With The United States

From The First Treaty To The Removal—1785–1838

The Removal—1838–39

The Arkansas Band—1817–1838

The Texas Band—1817–1900

The Cherokee Nation In The West—1840–1900

The Eastern Band

Iii—notes To The Historical Sketch

Iii—stories And Story Tellers

Iv—the Myths

Cosmogonic Myths

1. How The World Was Made

2. The First Fire

3. Kana't˘i And Selu: The Origin Of Game And Corn

4. Origin Of Disease And Medicine

5. The Daughter Of The Sun

6. How They Brought Back The Tobacco

7. The Journey To The Sunrise

8. The Moon And The Thunders.

9. What The Stars Are Like

10. Origin Of The Pleiades And The Pine

11. The Milky Way

12. Origin Of Strawberries

13. The Great Yellow-jacket: Origin Of Fish And Frogs

14. The Deluge

Quadruped Myths

15. The Fourfooted Tribes

16. The Rabbit Goes Duck Hunting

17. How The Rabbit Stole The Otter's Coat

18. Why The Possum's Tail Is Bare

19. How The Wildcat Caught The Gobbler

20. How The Terrapin Beat The Rabbit

21. The Rabbit And The Tar Wolf

22. The Rabbit And The Possum After A Wife

23. The Rabbit Dines The Bear

24. The Rabbit Escapes From The Wolves

25. Flint Visits The Rabbit

26. How The Deer Got His Horns

27. Why The Deer's Teeth Are Blunt

28. What Became Of The Rabbit

29. Why The Mink Smells

30. Why The Mole Lives Underground

31. The Terrapin's Escape From The Wolves

32. Origin Of The Groundhog Dance: The Groundhog's Head

33. The Migration Of The Animals

34. The Wolf's Revenge—the Wolf And The Dog

Bird Myths

35. The Bird Tribes

36. The Ball Game Of The Birds And Animals

37. How The Turkey Got His Beard

38. Why The Turkey Gobbles

39. How The Kingfisher Got His Bill

40. How The Partridge Got His Whistle

41. How The Redbird Got His Color

42. The Pheasant Beating Corn; Origin Of The Pheasant Dance

43. The Race Between The Crane And The Hummingbird

44. The Owl Gets Married

45. The Huhu Gets Married

46. Why The Buzzard's Head Is Bare

47. The Eagle's Revenge

48. The Hunter And The Buzzard

Snake, Fish, And Insect Myths

49. The Snake Tribe

50. The Uktena And The Ulûñsû't˘i

51. Âgăn-uni'ts˘i's Search For The Uktena

52. The Red Man And The Uktena

53. The Hunter And The Uksu'h˘i

54. The Ustû'tl˘i

55. The Uw'tsûñ'ta

56. The Snake Boy

57. The Snake Man

58. The Rattlesnake's Vengeance

59. The Smaller Reptiles—fishes And Insects

60. Why The Bullfrog's Head Is Striped

61. The Bullfrog Lover

62. The Katydid's Warning

Wonder Stories

63. Ûñtsaiy˘i, The Gambler

64. The Nest Of The Tlă'nuwă

65. The Hunter And The Tlă'nuwă

66. U□tlŭñ'tă, The Spear-finger

67. Nûñ'yunu'w˘i, The Stone Man

68. The Hunter In The Dăkwă'

69. Atagâ'h˘i, The Enchanted Lake

70. The Bride From The South

71. The Ice Man

72. The Hunter And Selu

73. The Underground Panthers

74. The Tsundige'w˘i

75. Origin Of The Bear: The Bear Songs

76. The Bear Man

77. The Great Leech Of Tlanusi'y˘i

78. The Nûñn˘e'h˘i And Other Spirit Folk

79. The Removed Townhouses

80. The Spirit Defenders Of N˘ikw˘as˘i'

81. Tsul□kălŭ, The Slant-eyed Giant

82. Kăna'sta, The Lost Settlement

83. Tsuwe'năh˘i: A Legend Of Pilot Knob

84. The Man Who Married The Thunder's Sister

85. The Haunted Whirlpool

86. Yahula

87. The Water Cannibals

Historical Traditions

88. First Contact With Whites

89. The Iroquois Wars

90. Hiadeoni, The Seneca

91. The Two Mohawks

92. Escape Of The Seneca Boys

93. The Unseen Helpers

94. Hatcinoñdoñ's Escape From The Cherokee

95. Hemp-carrier

96. The Seneca Peacemakers

97. Origin Of The Yontoñwisas Dance

98. Ga'na's Adventures Among The Cherokee

99. The Shawano Wars

100. The Raid On T˘ikwˇali'ts˘i

101. The Last Shawano Invasion

102. The False Warriors Of Chilhowee

103. Cowee Town

104. The Eastern Tribes

105. The Southern And Western Tribes

106. The Giants From The West

107. The Lost Cherokee

108. The Massacre Of The Ani'-kuta'n˘i

109 The War Medicine

110. Incidents Of Personal Heroism

111. The Mounds And The Constant Fire: The Old Sacred Things

Miscellaneous Myths And Legends

112. The Ignorant Housekeeper

113. The Man In The Stump

114. Two Lazy Hunters

115. The Two Old Men

116. The Star Feathers

117. The Mother Bear's Song

118. Baby Song, To Please The Children

119. When Babies Are Born: The Wren And The Cricket

120. The Raven Mocker

121. Herbert's Spring

122. Local Legends Of North Carolina

123. Local Legends Of South Carolina

124. Local Legends Of Tennessee

125. Local Legends Of Georgia

126. Plant Lore

Notes And Parallels To Myths

Glossary Of Cherokee Words

Index To Part I

Sacred Formulas Of The Cherokees.

Introduction.

How The Formulas Were Obtained.

The Swimmer Manuscript.

The Gatigwanasti Manuscript.

The Gahuni Manuscript.

The Inâli Manuscript.

Other Manuscripts.

The Kanâheta Ani-tsalagi Eti.

Character Of The Formulas—the Cherokee Religion.

The Origin Of Disease And Medicine.

Theory Of Disease—animals, Ghosts, Witches.

Selected List Of Plants Used.

Medical Practice.

Illustration Of The Tabu.

Neglect Of Sanitary Regulations.

The Sweat Bath—bleeding—rubbing—bathing.

Shamans And White Physicians.

Medicine Dances.

Description Of Symptoms.

The Pay Of The Shaman.

Ceremonies For Gathering Plants And Preparing Medicine

The Cherokee Gods And Their Abiding Places.

Color Symbolism.

Importance Attached To Names.

Language Of The Formulas.

Specimen Formulas.

Medicine.

Hunting.

Love.

Miscellaneous Formulas.

Untitled Section: ...

Cross References

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Myths of the Cherokee: and sacred formulas of the Cherokees

Published By: Original publisher Nashville, Tenn.: C. Elder-Bookseller. [reproduced 1982]. 576, 301-397 p. ill., map

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication By James Mooney

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2000. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Cherokee (NN08)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Literary texts (539); History (175); Acculturation and culture contact (177); Mythology (773); Priesthood (793); Glossary (104); Sickness (750); External relations (648); Public welfare (657);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This document, first published as two separate monographs, consists of Cherokee folklore, mythology, local legends, historical traditions and sacred formula used in healing rituals. The first third of the text is a history of the Cherokee prior to the arrival of the Spanish explorers in the 16th century, including a detailed account of long-standing hostilities between the Cherokee peoples and various groups such as the Creek Indians. Mooney's historical summary of failed Cherokee attempts to avoid involvement in the wars to determine which Europeans would control the American frontier provides basic information on this era. The author's extensive use of the published record is further supplemented with his personal contacts with both army staff and Cherokee individuals who were alive in the late 1800s and who were the principal agents in deciding the disposition of Cherokee lands. Mooney discusses various Cherokee migrations both before and after the Removal in 1838, documents negotiations between the Eastern and Western divisions of the Cherokee and describes such contributions as Sequoya's invention of the Cherokee alphabet which resulted in rapid and widespread literacy and helped to organize the community prior to the forced migration. Still, the dispute between full- and mixed- blood Cherokee over the negotiation of land rights with the Federal government is elaborated further in other sources in the file (see 20: Anders). The major portion of the text is taken up with Cherokee folklore. The wonder stories as well as the creation and animal myths contain natural and supernatural beings which illustrate Cherokee beliefs about the appearance and powers of animals with whom the Cherokee shared a common habitat. Other stories deal with such human activities as the behavior of warriors, the desirable qualities sought in a mate and the songs sung by mothers to their babies. In the final section, the author describes how he collected original Cherokee manuscripts containing the sacred formula, some of which are included here, both in the Cherokee language and in translation. He provides lists of plants used by Cherokee for medicinal purposes, but then compares them to a published pharmacopeia and judges Cherokee medical knowledge according to racist attitudes of the late 19th century. Also, some of the parallels drawn by the author to explain the formulas are too global. The sacred formulas were recited in conjunction with the application of plant medicines in healing rituals, but they were also used to facilitate hunting, fishing, and childbirth and for love magic, divination and sorcery. Researchers are advised that the notes which appear at the end of the major sections of the book, especially for the historical summary, are quite lengthy. These notes will be found in the categories pertaining to the discussions in the text to which they refer.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 21

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. nn08-021

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Reprint of the 1900 and 1891 editions respectively, which were published in the 19th and 7th Annual reports, Bureau of American Ethnology.|The detailed elaborations in the section of notes following the myths refer to the numbered stories in the text. Includes bibliographical references

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1997-1890

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnographer-4,5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Delores Walters ; John Beierle ; 1988

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1540-1900

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) North Carolina, southeastern states, Oklahoma, United States

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Cherokee Indians

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