Goodwin, Gary C., 1940-. Cherokees in transition: a study of changing culture and environment prior to 1775

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Chapter I Introduction

Methodological Difficulties


Chapter Ii Cherokee Physical Environment


Southern Appalachian Mountain System

Piedmont Plateau

Appalachian Valley And Ridges

Cumberland Plateau

Interior Lowlands

Natural Vegetation Zones

Appalachian Oak-chestnut ( Quercus )

Oak-pine ( Quercus-pinus )

Mixed Mesophytic Forests

Western Mesophytic Forests

Principal Drainage Networks

New River System

Holston River Basin (south Fork Only)

Watauga River Basin

Smoky Mountains—northwest Slope

Nolichucky River Basin

French Broad River Basin

Big Pigeon River Basin

Little Tennessee River Basin

Hiwassee River Basin

Tributaries Of The Upper Savannah River System

Coosa River And Its Affluents

Other River Basins

Climate, Soils, And Minerals




Chapter Iii Precontact Cherokee Habitat: Settlement Patterns

Origins And Early Movements

Location And Regional Divisions

Settlement Types

Demographic Factors

Chapter Iv Precontact Cherokee Habitat: Plant Associations

Cultivated Crops (new World Origin)

Wild Vegetation—vegetables And Fruits

Wild Vegetation—nuts And Seeds

Herbs And Other Non-food Plants

The Indian As An Ecologic Force


Chapter V Precontact Cherokee Habitat: Faunal Resources

Mammals A

Birds A

Fish A

Amphibians And Reptiles A

Insects A

The Indian As An Ecologic Force


Chapter Vi Postcontact Period: Changing Settlement Patterns

Initial European Movements Into Cherokee Country

Trade Routes Linking European And Cherokee Settlements

Effects Of Trade And Colonial Policy On Settlements


Disease And Population

Resultant Changes In Settlement Patterns

Chapter Vii Modifications In Cultural Ecologic Associations

Precontact Cherokee Agricultural And Hunting Activities

Introduction Of New Flora

Introduction Of New Fauna

Cultural Ecologic Changes

Chapter Viii Summary

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Cherokees in transition: a study of changing culture and environment prior to 1775

Published By: Original publisher Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 1977. x, 207 p. ill., maps

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication by Gary C. Goodwin

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2000. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Cherokee (NN08)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Historical reconstruction (174); Geography (130); History (175); Settlement patterns (361); External trade (439); Acculturation and culture contact (177); Diet (262); Food quest (220); Routes (487); Ethnobotany (824); Ethnozoology (825);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document The author's stated intention in this document is to answer two related questions: 1) how was ecological variation in the Cherokee territory affected by cultural processes during the aboriginal and early post-contact periods? and 2) how did ecological variation affect aboriginal and post-contact Cherokee cultural ecology and the process of culture contact and acculturation? These questions are not fully answered, however. Topics receiving a detailed treatment include the geography and native flora and fauna of the Cherokee territory, aboriginal settlement pattern and subsistence strategies, the impact of European contact on Cherokee settlement pattern and subsistence strategies during the 17th and 18th centuries and the impact of changes in settlement pattern and subsistence strategies on the Cherokee environment. The author's discussion of European contact is confined mainly to the topic of trade. Some of the most useful ethnohistorical information in this document relates to the Cherokee settlement pattern: the author provides detailed maps, tables and text presenting the location, names, and characteristics of Cherokee settlements prior to and subsequent to contact with Europeans.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 10

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. nn08-010

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 177-207)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document no date

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Geographer-4

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Gerald Reid ; John Beierle ; 1987

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1540-1775

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) southeastern states, United States

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Cherokee Indians


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