Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
The Cypress Hills massacre: a century's retrospect
Published in: if part or section of a book or monograph
Saskatchewan history -- Vol. 26, no. 3
Published By: Original publisher
Saskatchewan history -- Vol. 26, no. 3
Saskatoon: Saskatchewan Archives Board. 1973. 81-102 p.
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 2002. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
External trade (439);
Retail marketing (443);
External relations (648);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
In the spring of 1873, a number of Assinboine were camped
at a location called Cypress Hillls in southwestern Saskatechewan '…where two traders
named Abel Farwell and Moses Solomon had erected trading posts the year before. Tension
and mistrust between traders and Indians came to a head while a dozen or more frontier
characters from Fort Benton happened to be camped a stone's throw from Fort Farwell. A
strayed horse was mistakenly believed to have been stolen, and in the resulting
confusion firing broke out which culminated in the complete destruction of the Indian
camp and the deaths of twenty or more persons. American and Canadian attempts to bring
the perpetrators to justice were thwarted by the climate of opinion in Montana, which
was quite ready to condone the massacre whatever it origins, and by the failure of the
government witnesses to tell a convincing story in the face of conflicting testimony'
(p. 81). Goldring examines some of the major publications on the massacre including
reconstruction of the events from various historical documents as well as surviving
accounts of the massacre given by alleged participants from ten to fifty years later,
and the judicial records of the legal proceedings of the American and Canadian
governments which lasted virtually from the time of the massacre until three
participants were tried for murder in Winnipeg in the last week of June 1876. From the
analysis of these records the author attempts to present to the reader a clearer picture
of what actually happened at Cypress Hills in 1873.
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
Includes bibliographical references
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
John Beierle ; 2001
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
Cypress Hills, southwestern Saskatchewan,
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings