Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Birket-Smith, Kaj, 1893-
The Chugach Eskimo
Published By: Original publisher
Kobenhavn: Nationalmuseets publikationsfond. 1953. ix, 261
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 2005. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Comparative evidence (171);
Traditional history (173);
Historical reconstruction (174);
Normal garb (291);
Tools and appliances (410);
Division of labor by gender (462);
Decorative art (531);
Literary texts (539);
Spirits and gods (776);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
This source is the result of the First Danish-American
Expedition of 1933 in which the author represented the National Museum of Denmark; he was
accompanied by Dr. Frederica de Laguna who represented the University of Pennsylvania
University Museum. By making use of native informants, museum collections, excavations, the
accounts of early explorers, and other written sources of information, the author has
attempted to reconstruct the culture of the Chugach Eskimo. Included is information on: the
discovery of Prince William Sound in 1778; the Russian, British, and Spanish expeditions;
geographical features; climate; flora; fauna; territory occupied; economic life; the eight
tribes of the Chugach; the holdings of museums (Berlin, Copenhagen); boats; housing; tool
making; decorative art; men's and women's occupations; family and kinship; property system;
games and sports; festivals and feasts; musical instruments; dancing; intertribal
relations; death; crime; time division; ideas about the weather; disease theory and cures;
taboo and magic; concepts of the universe; shamans; and religion and folklore. The author
also shows the distribution of cultural elements, traces the origins of Chugach cultural
elements, and provides an outline of culture history. As a result of this investigation,
the author concludes that the culture of the Chugach is Eskimo, and is based on Paleo- and
Neo-Eskimo foundations with some archaic and local traits which have been modified by
foreign (Asian, Alaskan interior, American Northwest Coast) influences.
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
Includes bibliographical references (p. -261)
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
Heather Fellows ; Martin Malone ; 1976
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
July 20, 1741 to August 1933
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
Chugach Eskimos, Prince William Sound,
southeastern Alaska, United States
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings