Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Coon, Carleton S. (Carleton Stevens),
Tribes of the Rif
Published By: Original publisher
Cambridge, Mass.: Peabody Museum of Harvard University.
1931. xviii, 417 p., 67 plates [incomplete]
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
Carleton Stevens Coon
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 2010. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Berbers of Morocco (MX03)
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Traditional history (173);
Pastoral activities (233);
Hunting and trapping (224);
Food preparation (252);
Normal garb (291);
Community councils (623);
Judicial authority (692);
Property offenses (685);
Instigation of war (721);
Aftermath of combat (727);
Burial practices and funerals (764);
Organized ceremonial (796);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
This source covers the Berber tribes of the Rif, an area
along the northern coast of Spanish Morocco. It deals in particular with three adjoining
sub-areas: Rif, Ghomara, and Northern Senhaja. The book covers first the geography,
traditional history, and recorded history of the area. There follows a thorough treatment
of material culture, social organization, government and warfare, markets, public buildings
and instruction, officers, life crises, religion, magic, and an analysis of the
distribution of cultural traits. The many distribution maps are particularly useful. The
author undertook the fieldwork on which this book is based when he was a graduate student
in anthropology at Harvard University. Mr. David M. Hart, a graduate student in
anthropology at the University of Pennsylvania, and recently returned from two years
fieldwork in the Rif, supplied the following information which supplements Coon's
observations: 'A dual organization does exist among the Rif......each tribe in the Rif is
split in half politically, and each of these halves not only fights the other one, but
brings in, in most cases, other whole tribes or segments of tribes to help it out.
This...is called liff; the only liff that Coon mentions is the smaller type within each
tribal segment. These small lifuf (pl. of liff) constantly change; the big ones do not.
Aith Wariyaghar, for example, is divided into five primary segments; two of these are in
one liff, two in the other, and the fifth is split in half, part of it on one side and part
on the other. In Aith 'Ammarth there are four segments, and a two-way split. In Igzannayen,
with five segments, it is three and two. In Asht Tuzin (as I recall) each of the five
segments is split in half' (p. 91). 'While the village council may be composed of boys in
Igzinnayen, this is not the case in Aith Wariyaghar or any of the other tribes. In these
groups, adult men form the village council' ( p. 96). 'In his chapter on markets, Coon
discusses women's markets, but fails to point out their distribution. They are located only
in the lowlands and median slopes of Aith Wariyaghar; there are none elsewhere and none in
the high mountains of that tribe. Although most of the other tribes have traditions of
having had women's markets in the past, none have them now' (p. 110).
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Component part(s), monograph
Language: Language that the document is written in
Includes bibliographical records (p. -417) The
material has been marked only for the MX3 Rif file. Pages 175-405, dealing with the
comparative physical anthropology of the Rif, have been omited; pages 406-418, containing
the author's conclusions as to Berber origins, and a general bibliography, have been
included in the file.
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
James R. Leary ; 1958
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings
Mountains (Morocco)//Morocco--Social life and customs