Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Published By: Original publisher
Paris: Presses universitaires de France. 1954. vii, 100 p.
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
par Jean Rouch
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 2016. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Information sources listed in other works (113);
Linguistic identification (197);
Cereal agriculture (243);
Domesticated animals (231);
Smiths and their crafts (326);
Real property (423);
Retail marketing (443);
Gender status (562);
Spirits and gods (776);
Magicians and diviners (791);
Religious denominations (795);
Puberty and initiation (881);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
This French language monograph provides an overview of
Songhai people, culture, and history, including discussions of language, economy
(agriculture, livestock raising, fishing), social organization, property, gender, facial
tattooing, life cycle, and religion (cosmology, cults, magic). There is an extensive
annotated bibliography on the region's geography, archeology, history, anthropology,
demography, linguistics, dictionaries, economy, arts, and religion.
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
"Essai de bibliographie analytique": p. -97.
Includes bibliographical references
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
Ian Skoggard; 2016
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
Niger and Mali
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings
Songhai (African people)