Smith, M. G. (Michael Garfield). Government in Zazzau 1800-1950

Table of Contents

Publication Information

I Introduction

I. The Context

2. The Data

2 The Nature Of Government

(a) Politics And Administration

(b) Power And Authority

(c) Legitimacy And Legality

(d) The Interrelations Of Political And Administrative Systems

(e) Centralization And Decentralization

(f) The Problem Of Force

(g) Differentiation And Integration

3 Government In Nineteenth-century Abuja

I. Introduction

(a) Some Preliminaries

(b) A Synopsis Of The Abuja Constitution

2. Politics And Administration At Abuja

(a) Differentiation By Function And Rank

(b) The System Of Political Relations

(c) Social Status And The Official System

(d) Specialized Administrative Staffs

(e) The Nature Of Office

(f) The Conditions Of Office

(g) The Structure Of Official Relations

3. The Typological Character Of Abuja Government

(a) Bureaucracy At Abuja

(b) Unity And Diversity

4 Government In Fulani Zazzau 1865

I. Vassals And Vassalage

(a) Relations With Sokoto

(b) Zaria And Its Vassals

2. Society In Fulani Zaria

(a) Rank And Lineage Among The Fulani

(b) The Subject Population

3. State Functions And Organization

(a) Integrative Principles

(b) Territorial Organization: Fiefs, Estates, And Communities

(c) State Revenue And Its Collection

(d) Legal Administration

(e) The Military Organization

(f) Instability And Force

4. The Political System

(a) The Elements Of Dynastic Organization

(b) The Nature And Implications Of Dynastic Competition

(c) The Political Varieties Of Office

(d) The Royal Succession

(e) Categories Of Royal Officials

(f) Status Differences And The Allocation Of Office

(g) Official Promotion And Precedence

(h) The Councils Of State

(i) Kingship In Fulani Zazzau

(j) Politics And Administration

5. The Governments Of Habe And Fulani Zazzau

(a) The Character And Scope Of Their Difference

(b) Elements Common To Both Systems

(c) The Problem Of Historical Succession

(d) Offices Peculiar To Fulani Zaria

(e) Conclusion

5 A Chronicle Of Fulani Zaria 1804-1900

(a) The Conquest

(b) Mallam Musa, 1804-21

(c) Yamusa, 1821-34

(d) Abdulkerim, 1834-46

(e) Hamada, 1846

(f) Mommon Sani, 1846-60

(g) Sidi Abdulkadiri, 1860

(h) Audusallami, 1860-63

(i) Abdullahi, 1863-73

(j) Abubakar, 1873-76

(k) Abdullahi, 1876-81

(l) Sambo, 1881-90

(m) Yero, 1890-97

(n) Kwassau, 1897-1903

(o) Some Observations

6 Zaria Under The British 1900-50

I. The Arrival Of The British

2. Aliyu, 1903-20

(a) The British And The Fulani

(b) Appointments To Office

(c) Territorial Reorganization

(d) The New Judicial System

(e) The King And The Chief Judge

(f) Other Changes

3. Dallatu, 1920-24

4. Ibrahim, 1924-36

(a) Succession And The Dynasties

(b) Ibrahim And His Officials

(c) The Development Of Technical Departments

5. Ja’afaru, 1936-

(a) The Changing Succession

(b) Official Appointments

7 The Government Of Zaria In 1950

I. The Political Society

(a) Unity And Diversity

(b) Resident Aliens

(c) The Nature And Expression Of Political Personality

(d) Vassalage In Zaria

(e) Relations With Sokoto

(f) The Stratification Of Free Persons

(g) The Position Of Ex-slaves

(h) Clientage And The Political Society

2. The Administration Of Zaria In 1950

(a) The Statutory Basis

(b) The Territorial Organization

(c) Fiscal Forms And Content

(d) The Character Of Administrative Relations

3. The Political System Of Zaria In 1950

(a) The Boundaries Of This System

(b) The Political Structure

(c) The Character Of Politics In Zaria

8 Government And Structural Change

I. Introduction

2. Diachronic Theory And Method

(a) A Common Frame Of Reference

(b) Logical Priority And Change

(c) The Logical Structure Of The Common Forms

(d) Simultaneous And Successive Change

3. The First Transformation, 1804-1900

(a) Logic And Historical Change

(b) The Problem Of Substantive Change

(c) The Analysis Of Exceptional Cases

4. Three Laws Of Structural Change

(a) The Law Of Differential Resistance

(b) Diachronic Irrationality

(c) Substantive Irrationality In Fulani Zazzau

(d) The Law Of Self-contradiction In Change

(e) The Law Of Structural Drift

5. The Second Transformation, 1900-50

9 Conclusion

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information


Title: Government in Zazzau 1800-1950

Published By: London, England: Published for the International African Institute by Oxford University Press, 1960. xii, 371 p.: ill., maps

By line: M. G. Smith

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: HRAF, 1997. Computer File

Culture: Hausa (MS12)

Subjects: Districts (634);

Abstract: This document is a historical description and structural analysis of the political developments in Zaria over a 150-year period. It is based on the oral traditions and written source material of the people of Zaria themselves, as well as on descriptions by European travelers and administrators. In the analysis of the final period (from the 1930's to 1950) it is pointed out that despite the introduction of modern democratic political and administrative institutions, it is the traditional alliance system which is followed in actuality.

Document Number: 15

Document ID: ms12-015

Document Type: Monograph

Language: English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 356-358) and index

Field Date: 1949-1950, 1959

Evaluation: Ethnologist-4,5

Analyst: Sigrid Khera ; Sarah Bridges ; 1973-1974

Coverage Date: ca. 1800-1950

Coverage Place: Zaria Province, Nigeria

LCSH: Hausa (African people)


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