Smith, M. G. (Michael Garfield). Government in Zazzau 1800-1950

Table of Contents

Publication Information

I Introduction

I. The Context

2. The Data

2 The Nature Of Government

(a) Politics And Administration

(b) Power And Authority

(c) Legitimacy And Legality

(d) The Interrelations Of Political And Administrative Systems

(e) Centralization And Decentralization

(f) The Problem Of Force

(g) Differentiation And Integration

3 Government In Nineteenth-century Abuja

I. Introduction

(a) Some Preliminaries

(b) A Synopsis Of The Abuja Constitution

2. Politics And Administration At Abuja

(a) Differentiation By Function And Rank

(b) The System Of Political Relations

(c) Social Status And The Official System

(d) Specialized Administrative Staffs

(e) The Nature Of Office

(f) The Conditions Of Office

(g) The Structure Of Official Relations

3. The Typological Character Of Abuja Government

(a) Bureaucracy At Abuja

(b) Unity And Diversity

4 Government In Fulani Zazzau 1865

I. Vassals And Vassalage

(a) Relations With Sokoto

(b) Zaria And Its Vassals

2. Society In Fulani Zaria

(a) Rank And Lineage Among The Fulani

(b) The Subject Population

3. State Functions And Organization

(a) Integrative Principles

(b) Territorial Organization: Fiefs, Estates, And Communities

(c) State Revenue And Its Collection

(d) Legal Administration

(e) The Military Organization

(f) Instability And Force

4. The Political System

(a) The Elements Of Dynastic Organization

(b) The Nature And Implications Of Dynastic Competition

(c) The Political Varieties Of Office

(d) The Royal Succession

(e) Categories Of Royal Officials

(f) Status Differences And The Allocation Of Office

(g) Official Promotion And Precedence

(h) The Councils Of State

(i) Kingship In Fulani Zazzau

(j) Politics And Administration

5. The Governments Of Habe And Fulani Zazzau

(a) The Character And Scope Of Their Difference

(b) Elements Common To Both Systems

(c) The Problem Of Historical Succession

(d) Offices Peculiar To Fulani Zaria

(e) Conclusion

5 A Chronicle Of Fulani Zaria 1804-1900

(a) The Conquest

(b) Mallam Musa, 1804-21

(c) Yamusa, 1821-34

(d) Abdulkerim, 1834-46

(e) Hamada, 1846

(f) Mommon Sani, 1846-60

(g) Sidi Abdulkadiri, 1860

(h) Audusallami, 1860-63

(i) Abdullahi, 1863-73

(j) Abubakar, 1873-76

(k) Abdullahi, 1876-81

(l) Sambo, 1881-90

(m) Yero, 1890-97

(n) Kwassau, 1897-1903

(o) Some Observations

6 Zaria Under The British 1900-50

I. The Arrival Of The British

2. Aliyu, 1903-20

(a) The British And The Fulani

(b) Appointments To Office

(c) Territorial Reorganization

(d) The New Judicial System

(e) The King And The Chief Judge

(f) Other Changes

3. Dallatu, 1920-24

4. Ibrahim, 1924-36

(a) Succession And The Dynasties

(b) Ibrahim And His Officials

(c) The Development Of Technical Departments

5. Ja’afaru, 1936-

(a) The Changing Succession

(b) Official Appointments

7 The Government Of Zaria In 1950

I. The Political Society

(a) Unity And Diversity

(b) Resident Aliens

(c) The Nature And Expression Of Political Personality

(d) Vassalage In Zaria

(e) Relations With Sokoto

(f) The Stratification Of Free Persons

(g) The Position Of Ex-slaves

(h) Clientage And The Political Society

2. The Administration Of Zaria In 1950

(a) The Statutory Basis

(b) The Territorial Organization

(c) Fiscal Forms And Content

(d) The Character Of Administrative Relations

3. The Political System Of Zaria In 1950

(a) The Boundaries Of This System

(b) The Political Structure

(c) The Character Of Politics In Zaria

8 Government And Structural Change

I. Introduction

2. Diachronic Theory And Method

(a) A Common Frame Of Reference

(b) Logical Priority And Change

(c) The Logical Structure Of The Common Forms

(d) Simultaneous And Successive Change

3. The First Transformation, 1804-1900

(a) Logic And Historical Change

(b) The Problem Of Substantive Change

(c) The Analysis Of Exceptional Cases

4. Three Laws Of Structural Change

(a) The Law Of Differential Resistance

(b) Diachronic Irrationality

(c) Substantive Irrationality In Fulani Zazzau

(d) The Law Of Self-contradiction In Change

(e) The Law Of Structural Drift

5. The Second Transformation, 1900-50

9 Conclusion

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Government in Zazzau 1800-1950

Published By: Original publisher London, England: Published for the International African Institute by Oxford University Press, 1960. xii, 371 p.: ill., maps

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication M. G. Smith

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: HRAF, 1997. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Hausa (MS12)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Districts (634);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This document is a historical description and structural analysis of the political developments in Zaria over a 150-year period. It is based on the oral traditions and written source material of the people of Zaria themselves, as well as on descriptions by European travelers and administrators. In the analysis of the final period (from the 1930's to 1950) it is pointed out that despite the introduction of modern democratic political and administrative institutions, it is the traditional alliance system which is followed in actuality.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 15

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. ms12-015

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 356-358) and index

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1949-1950, 1959

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-4,5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Sigrid Khera ; Sarah Bridges ; 1973-1974

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). ca. 1800-1950

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Zaria Province, Nigeria

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Hausa (African people)

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