Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Messing, Simon D. (Simon David)
Bender, M. Lionel (Marvin Lionel),
Highland plateau Amhara of Ethiopia
Published By: Original publisher
New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files. 1985. 3 v.
(xvii, 502 leaves)
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
Simon D. Messing ; edited by M. Lionel Bender
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 1998. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Social stratification (560);
Magical and mental therapy (755);
Revelation and divination (787);
Ideas about nature and people (820);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
This is a comprehensive ethnograpy of rural Amhara society
and culture circa 1950s, including an extensive 100-page glossary. Amhara society is
extremely hierarchical, ranked by property relations, ethnicity and occupation. At the top
are the descendants of a former military and religious fief-holding elite. At the bottom
are occupational groups marked by their religious and ethnic differences. Although orthodox
Christianity is the dominant state religion, Messing discusses a whole strata of animistic
and syncretic beliefs and practices that are closely tied to Amhara medical views and
remedies. Women are locked out of Amhara political and religious life, but play a major
part in spirit possession cults, which Messing poses as a parallel world to the dominant
patriarchal society. Also included are lengthy discussions of the Amhara life cycle and
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
Revision of thesis (Ph.D.)--University of
Pennsylvania, 1957 Includes bibliographical references (leaves 482-502) and index
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
Ian Skoggard ; 1996
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
Gonder District, Ethiopia
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings
Amhara (African people)