Marshall, Lorna. The !Kung Bushmen of the Kalahari Desert

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Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: The !Kung Bushmen of the Kalahari Desert

Published in: if part or section of a book or monograph Peoples of Africa, edited by James L. Gibbs, Jr.

Published By: Original publisher Peoples of Africa, edited by James L. Gibbs, Jr. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston. 1965. 243-278 p. ill., maps

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Lorna Marshall

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2005. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. San (FX10)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Culture summary (105);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This summary article on the !Kung San was written by a cultural anthropologist especially for this volume. The authenticity of her descriptions derives from a decade of field research experience among the San. Due to its recency and comprehensiveness the reader should examine this source prior to consulting other specific material in the San file. The author's theoretical outlook is ecological -- using data on San environmental adaptations, resource potentials of their habitats, population-settlement sizes and distributions in order to develop some functional generalizations about the relations between San subsistence economy and the nature of the sociopolitical institutions, implying that the level of productivity sets limits to the sociocultural forms that arise. Stress is put on the significance of kinship reciprocity and its relations to food gathering and seasonal movements, extensive regional kinship bonds, and the egalitarian political structure. Her ethnographic description is excellent, especially her notations on the religious-ritual complex, life cycle and socialization, the kinship basis of headmanship and group leadership, and material culture and technology. Also found are brief interpretations of San historical origins and affinities, the kinship correlates of the naming relationship in uniting the bands, the family cycle, and the effects of acculturation. The introductory comments on pages 241-242 were written by the editor, James L. Gibbs, Jr.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 15

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. fx10-015

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Essay

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: The footnotes at the end of the article are on pages 273-275. The footnotes have been indexed for the categories to which they specifically pertain. Includes bibliographical references (p. 276-278)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1951-1961

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Cultural Anthropologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Gilbert Winer ; 1967

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1951-1961

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Nyae Nyae region, Namibia and Botswana

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings San (African people)

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