Marshall, Lorna. Sharing, talking, and giving: relief of social tensions among !Kung Bushmen

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Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Sharing, talking, and giving: relief of social tensions among !Kung Bushmen

Published in: if part or section of a book or monograph Africa -- Vol. 31

Published By: Original publisher Africa -- Vol. 31 London: Oxford University Press. 1961. 231-249 p. ill.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Lorna Marshall

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2005. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. San (FX10)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Hunting and trapping (224); Property in movables (422); Gift giving (431); Conversation (521); Etiquette (576); Ingroup antagonisms (578);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This article is a well-detailed account of some of the methods by which the !Kung manage to control antagonisms encountered in their daily interpersonal relations. The principal means discussed through conversations, gifts, and cooperative sharing of the proceeds from hunting, the main food-producing activity. Because these aspects of !Kung behaviour are closely interrelated with many facets of their culture, much information on other subjects is included as incidental to the author's presentation. Some are: kin relationships, social control, ethics and etiquette, hunting techniques, jewelery, trade activities, and concepts of property. An appendix listing !Kung material artifacts is a useful addition. This source contains a greater amount and variety of data than its lenght would indicate.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 12

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. fx10-012

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Journal Article

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1951-1959

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. George R. Bedell ; 1961

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1951-1959

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Nyae Nyae region, Namibia and Botswana

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings San (African people)

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