Bullock, Charles. The Mashona and the Matabele

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Chapter I


2.—the Keynote

Chapter Ii

1.—abantu Kana Vanhu Who They Are And Whence They Came

2.—amandebele (matabele) And Other Abanguni

3.—the Mashona Tribes

4.—the Varozwi 4

5.—the Makaranga And The “empire Of Monomotapa”

6.—the Bavenda And The Waremba

7.—other Tribes

8.—native Legends (as Interpreted)

9.—diversity Among The Tribes


Chapter Iii

Individual Life: Birth

Chapter Iv

Childhood And Adolescence

Chapter V

Marriage: The Formalities, Ceremonies And So Forth

After The Ceremony

Chapter Vi

Marriage And The Kinship System

Chapter Vii

On The Origin And Nature Of Totemism

Chapter Viii

The Cattle Complex

Chapter Ix

Kraal Life: Features Of Minor Importance

The Man

The Woman

Specialised Crafts And Vocations


Hunting And Fishing

Precept And Interdict


Chapter X


Sindebele Proverbs

Shona Proverbs (not All Literally Translated).

Ngano Shuro Ne Gudo (the Baboon And The Hare)

Ku Nyengerwa Ha Kuna Wa Kura 12 (no One Is Too Old To Be Deceived).

Shumba Ne Mhuka Dzose (the Lion And All The Animals).

Mukomana Ne Shiri (the Boy And The Bird).

Chapter Xi

Religion And Its Counterpart

The Counterpart Extended To The Occult

Chapter Xii

Death, Obsequies And Re-genesis

Chapter Xiii

Succession To Chiefship

Chief Zwimba

Chief Nemakonde (lomagondi)

Chief Chiweru

Ziki, Chief Of The Waduma

Chapter Xiv

Native Society—as It Was

Tribe: Wazezuru

Nzirazemuka's Kraal (7 Huts With 1 Bachelors' Gota)

Second Main Kraal (munyugu's) (with 7 Huts, 3 Bachelors' Huts And 2 Girls' Huts)

Katene's Mana (with 2 Huts And A Gota )

Chingwaru's Mana (2 Huts And A Gota )

Mdarike's Mana (1 Hut, 1 Gota, 1 Nanga )

Mushambi's Mana (2 Huts, 1 Gota, 1 Nanga )

Chigwada's Mana (2 Huts, 1 Gota )

Chapter Xv

Native Society—the Agencies And Instruments Of Change

Chapter Xvi

Social Development—today And Tomorrow

Part Ii The Legal Aspect The Inter-relationship Between Native And European Laws. 1

Chapter Xvii

The Contact

Chapter Xviii

“crimes” (listed For Convenience On European Lines) Treason





Unnatural Vice






Unusual Crimes

Murder Of Chiefs

Fertility Murders

Ritual Murders

Chapter Xix


2.—confession And Purification

3.—adultery And Its Consequences

Crime And Tort

Adulterine Children

4.—seduction Of Unmarried Women And Its Consequences

Chapter Xx

1.—marriage—contraventions Of The Criminal Law

2.—marriage—the Contract, Its Objects And Obligations

3.—marriage—the Contractual Incidents

Other Contractual Incidents—angaziwe (rutsambo), Etc.

Chapter Xxi


Chapter Xxii

Inheritance And The “custody Of Children”


Chapter Xxiii

Status And Rôle—old And New

Status Of Women

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: The Mashona and the Matabele

Published By: Original publisher Cape Town: Juta & Co.. 1950. x, 310 p.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication [by] Charles Bullock

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2014. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Shona (FS05)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Identification (101); Historical reconstruction (174); History (175); Mode of marriage (583); Arranging a marriage (584); Pastoral activities (233); Eschatology (775); Spirits and gods (776); Organized ceremonial (796); Extended families (596); Clans (614); Districts (634); Purification and atonement (783); Acculturation and culture contact (177); Public welfare (657); Literary texts (539); Crime (674); Judicial authority (692); Burial practices and funerals (764); Special burial practices and funerals (766); Shamans and psychotherapists (756); Magicians and diviners (791);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This is an updated version of the author's 1927 work, [i]The Mashona[/i]. This edition contains more information on the Matabele (Ndebele) people than the original and that information has been indexed separately. The information is based on personal observations of the Shona and Ndebele over an indeterminate period the author served as a government official in the region. This source includes identification of the Shona and Ndebele groups and other neighboring tribes, and information on culture history, birth, childhood, adolescence, marriage, totemism, the cattle complex, family life, language, religion, the status and role of the dead, social and political organization and structure, law, and justice.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 7

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. fs05-007

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: updated from the 1927 edition. Includes glossary and index

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document no date

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Government Official-4,5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. John Beierle; 1991

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1901-1949

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Zimbabwe

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Shona (African people)


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