Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
The spiritual beliefs of the Shona: a study based on field
work among the east-central Shona
Published By: Original publisher
Gwelo, Rhodesia: Mambo Press. 1977. 216 ill.,
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
by Michael Gelfand ; foreword by M. Hannan
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 2014. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Prayers and sacrifices (782);
Cult of the dead (769);
Burial practices and funerals (764);
Arranging a marriage (584);
Traditional history (173);
Organized ceremonial (796);
Mode of marriage (583);
Avuncular and nepotic relatives (604);
Magicians and diviners (791);
Shamans and psychotherapists (756);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
This is a comparative study of the religious beliefs and
practices of four Shona clans. There is a chapter for each and the data are presented in a
format that makes them easy to compare. This source is concerned with historical origins,
practices and beliefs concerning the spirits of the dead, roles and functions of the
medicine men/diviners and mediums, the role of the paternal aunt, witchcraft, death, and
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
John Beierle; 1991
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
Manicaland and Mashonaland East,
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings
Shona (African people)