Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Bhila, H. H. K.
Trade and politics in a Shona kingdom: the Manyika and their
African and Portuguese neighbors, 1575-1902
Published By: Original publisher
Longman: Harlow, Essex. 1982. 16, 291 p. maps
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 2014. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
External trade (439);
External relations (648);
Chief executive (643);
Commercial facilities (366);
Retail marketing (443);
Executive household (644);
External relations (648);
Information sources listed in other works (113);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
This source, a revision of the author's doctoral
dissertation, provides a complete cultural history of the Shona. It concentrates on the
economic history of the kingdom of Manyika in reference to neighboring kingdoms following
the disintegration of their empire in the early sixteenth century. The research was
primarily archival; concerned with technical problems of trade, the impact of long-distance
trade in the southern Zambezi region, and the ramifications of internal and external
politics. There is also considerable information on non-Shona peoples (e.g. the Nguni) and
early Portuguese traders.
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
Includes bibliographical references (p. 263-284)
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
John Beierle; 1991
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
eastern Zimbabwe and central
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings
Manyika (African people)--Commerce//Manyika (African
people)--Politics and government//Zimbabwe--History