Van Velsen, J.. Notes on the history of the Lakeside Tonga of Nyasaland

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Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Notes on the history of the Lakeside Tonga of Nyasaland

Published in: if part or section of a book or monograph African studies -- Vol. 18, no. 3

Published By: Original publisher African studies -- Vol. 18, no. 3 Johannesburg: Witwatersrand University Press. 1959. 105-117 p. map

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication by J. van Velsen

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2001. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Lakeshore Tonga (FR07)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Traditional history (173); Historical reconstruction (174); History (175); External trade (439); Ingroup antagonisms (578); Community heads (622); External relations (648); Warfare (726);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document Van Velsen writes about Lakeside Tonga history and the difficulty in interpreting oral history, because he argues it is always highly selective in order to support current social structure and power relations. He constructs five periods: I) the ‘dim past,’ ii) the penetration of slave and ivory trading groups, iii) the Ngoni invasion, iv) the waning of Ngoni power and waxing of British power, v) period of British administration. He only discusses periods two through four in this paper. According to van Velsen the Tonga are a heterogeneous group of four separate tribes that coalesced under conditions of trade and war.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 3

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. fr07-003

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Journal Article

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1951-1956

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnographer-4,5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Ian Skoggard ;1999

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1780-1881

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Nkhata Bay District, Northern Province, Malawi

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Ethnology--Malawi


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