Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Evans-Pritchard, E. E. (Edward Evan),
Zande Kings and Princes
Published in: if part or section of a book or monograph
Essays in social anthropology
Published By: Original publisher
Essays in social anthropology
London: Faber and Faber. 1962. 87-116 p.
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
E. E. Evans-Pritchard
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 1999. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Chief executive (643);
Life history materials (159);
Executive household (644);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
This article is rich in its descriptive detail and depth of
characterization of several notable Azande kings and princes famous in 19th century
pre-colonial Azande history. The data are derived mostly from primary historical accounts
and from oral traditions which Evans-Pritchard collected in the course of his field work
with the Azande. Rather extensive biographical sketches are presented of some of the more
prominent kings, and briefer information on numerous less well known members of the
royalty. The objective is to delineate the personality, character, conduct, and manners of
Azande rulers. A fairly consistent picture emerges from the historical sources, which
correlates well with the author's impression of the present-day ruling class. Most Azande
kings and princes were characterized by a 'natural dignity of bearing, unostentatious
pride, distinguished air, courteous manners, cordiality, self-assurance, composure,
reserve, reflectiveness, and generosity, and … intelligence and calm, sound judgment,
firmness, astuteness, and prudence' (p. 116). Nineteenth-century authors only rarely report
a ruler as being cruel or brutal, arrogant, harsh or rude, and so forth.
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
This article was originally published in the
Anthropological Quarterly, 1957 Includes bibliographical references
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
Gilbert Winer ; Robert O. Lagacé ; 1968-1969
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings
Zande (African people)