Turnbull, Colin M.. The Mbuti Pygmies: an ethnographic survey

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Introduction

Source Material

Historical Sources

Contemporary Sources

Schebesta

Putnam

Orientation

Location

Tribal Groupings

Language

Origin And History

Physical Anthropology

Environment

The Archers (after Schebesta)

The Social Unit

Habitations

Furniture

Utensils

Dress And Ornamentation

Body Decoration

Care Of Body

Domestic Animals

Technology

Economic Life

Hunting

Gathering

Honey Gathering

Drinks, Narcotics, And Stimulants

Food Restriction

Trade

Social Life

Family Organization

Daily Life

Conception And Childbirth

Twins

Postnatal Care

Adolescence

Initiation

Marriage

Separation

Widowhood

Death, Funerals, And Mourning

Social Organization

Political Life

Authority

Relationship Between Bands

Relationships Between Bands And Villagers

Legal System

Intellectual And Artistic Life

Exact Knowledge

Rationalization

Art

Religious Life

The Chthonic God

Cult Practices

Death And Afterlife

Totem And Taboo

Magic

The Godhead

The Net Hunters (after Putnam)

The Social Unit

Habitations

Furniture

Utensils

Dress And Ornamentation

Body Decoration

Untitled Section: ...

Care Of Body

Domestic Animals

Technology

Economic Life

Hunting

Gathering

Honey Gathering

Drinks, Narcotics, And Stimulants

Food Restrictions

Trade

Social Life

Family Organization

Daily Life

Conception And Childbirth

Twins

Postnatal Care And Adolescence

Initiation : Elima

Initiation : Nkumbi

Marriage

Divorce

Widowhood

Death, Funerals, And Mourning

Social Organization

Political Life

Authority

Relationships Between Bands

Relationships Between Mbuti And Villagers

Legal System

Intellectual And Artistic Life

Exact Knowledge Counting

Medicine

Rationalization

Art

Religious Life

The Chthonic God

Cult Practices

Death And Afterlife

Totem And Taboo

Magic

Evaluation

Orientation

Environment

The Social Unit

Economic Life

Social Life

Political Life

Intellectual And Artistic Life

Religious Life

The Mbuti-villager Relationship

Material Culture

Trade

Magical Practice

Dance And Festivity

Intermarriage

Ceremonial Attendant On Birth, Initiation, Marriage, And Death

Mbuti Values As Seen In Legend

1. Creation Myths: Legends Of Origin And Tradition

The Water And The Earth

The Sun And The Moon

The Pygmy And The Sun

How The Real People Began 1

2. Legends Dealing With Social Relations

3. Legends Dealing With Relationships To The Supernatural

Conclusions

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: The Mbuti Pygmies: an ethnographic survey

Published By: Original publisher New York: American Museum of Natural History. 1965. 139-282 p., plates ill.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Colin M. Turnbull

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 1995. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Mbuti (FO04)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Culture summary (105);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document Originally presented as a thesis in 1956, this publication was supplemented and revised as a result of Turnbull's 1957-58 field experience. In one major respect it is a valuable addition to Turnbull's existing corpus of work: it offers extensive comparison of net-hunters, on whom Turnbull has concentrated, with the archer Mbuti, Schebesta's prime source.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 1

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. fo04-001

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Bibliography: p. 277

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1951, 1954-1955

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-4,5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Adolph Hoehling ; John Beierle

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). not specified

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Ituri Forest, Democratic Republic of the Congo

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Bambute

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