Wilson, Monica Hunter. Good company: a study of Nyakyusa age-villages

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Chapter I Introductory

A. The Cultural Area

B. Environment And Economy

C. Relations With The Outside World

D. The Form Of Nyakyusa Society

E. The Subject Of Study

Chapter Ii Village Organization

A. The Genesis Of The Village

B. The ‘coming Out’ Ceremony

C. Relations Between Villages Within One Chiefdom

D. Moving

E. Variation In The Basic Form Of Village Organization

F. Modern Modifications

Chapter Iii Economic Co-operation

A. Land

B. Building

C. Cultivation

D. Herding

E. Hunting And Fishing

F. Housekeeping

G. Economic Co-operation Beyond The Village

Chapter Iv Values

A. Good Company

B. Dignity

C. Display

D. Decency

E. Wisdom

Chapter V Mystical Interdependence

A. Witchcraft And ‘the Breath Of Men’

I. The Nature Of Witchcraft

Ii. The Supposed Activities Of Witches

Iii. ‘the Defenders’ And ‘the Breath Of Men’

Iv. Witchcraft, ‘the Breath Of Men’ And Morality

V. Procedure In Witchcraft Cases

B. The Age-village And The Ancestors

C. The Age-village And Medicines

D. The Age-village And Christianity

E. Witchcraft, Medicines, And The British Administration

Chapter Vi The Maintenance Of Order

A. Arbitration

B. Witness To Contracts

C. Communal Responsibility Of The Age-village

D. Social Separation

Chapter Vii Characteristics Of An Age-village Organization

A. The Peculiarity Of Nyakyusa Villages

B. Age-villages And Incest

C. Good Company

D. The Incidence Of Accusations Of Witchcraft

E. The Form Of Witch Beliefs

F. ‘the Breath Of Men’

G. Kith And Kin

H. Relative Social Status

I. Constitutional Form

J. Necessary Conditions Of Age-villages

Select Documents Relating To Nyakyusa Age-villages

1. Villages In Mwaipopo's Chiefdom (1938)

2. The ‘coming Out’ ( Ubusoka )

3. A Land Dispute Between Villages Of The Same Chiefdom

4. A Boundary Dispute

5. Summary Of Labour Histories

6. Change In The Relation Of Fathers And Sons

7. Homosexuality

8. Misfortunes Attributed To Mystical Causes 1

9. Methods Of Witchcraft

10. A Myth Of Witchcraft

11. Witchcraft And Lust For Meat And Milk

12. Inheritance Of Witchcraft

13. Acquiring Witchcraft From Friends

14. Consciousness Of Witchcraft

15. The Associations Of Ukuloga And Ukupita

16. Things Associated With Witchcraft

17. Dreams As Evidence Of Witchcraft

18. Grounds Of Accusation Of Witchcraft

19. Things Which Are Said To Anger The Witches And Make Them Throttle Us

20. Threats Of Witchcraft

21. Children Learning Of Witchcraft

22. ‘the Breath Of Men’

23. Ritual Of Reconciliation

24. Procedure In A Witchcraft Case (traditional)

25. The Ordeal ( Umwafi )

26. The Autopsy

27. Wives Driven Away For Witchcraft

28. Fear Of Hereditary Witchcraft

29. Christian Scepticism Of Witchcraft

30. Sorcery

31. Deaths Attributed To ‘the Horn’

32. Procedure In Witchcraft Cases (modern)

33. Settlement Of Disputes In Christian Villages

34. Settlement Of Disputes Between Pagans And Christians

35. Joint Responsibility Of Neighbours

36. Moving

37. Fetching Home A Private Individual

38. Bringing Home A Village Headman

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Good company: a study of Nyakyusa age-villages

Published By: Original publisher London: Oxford University Press for the International African Institute. 1951. xiv, 278 p., 16 plates ill., maps

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Monica Wilson

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2010. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Nyakyusa and Ngonde (FN17)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Community structure (621); Community heads (622); Chief executive (643); Form and rules of government (642); Puberty and initiation (881); Household (592); Age stratification (561); Territorial hierarchy (631); Gender status (562); Kin relationships (602); Local officials (624); Settlement patterns (361); Real property (423); Status, role, and prestige (554); Litigation (691); Tillage (241); Missions (797); External relations (648); Labor supply and employment (464); Family relationships (593); Sorcery (754); Sexuality (831);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This source deals with the structure, economy and values of Nyakyusa society. For the purposes of the Ngonde file, the Nyakyusa are considered to be part of the Ngonde nation. The monograph includes discussions of the environment, village structure, mystical interdependence among members of the age-village, the maintenance of order, and characteristics of an age-village organization. Effects of European contact, particularly missionary activities which have succeeded in the conversion of a good number of Nyakysa to Christianity, are dealt with. A large part of the book consists of documents relating to the villages, in almost all of which witchcraft and sorcery figure prominently. Dr. Wilson is currently at the School of African Studies at the University of Capetown.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 1

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. fn17-001

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliograpahical references (p. 275-276)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1934-1938

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Social Anthropologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Timothy J. O'Leary ; 1957 ; Teferi Abate Adem; 2010

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1890-1951

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Nyakyusa, Tanzania

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Ngonde (African people)/Nyakyusa (African people)//Primitive societies

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