Gutmann, Bruno. The tribal teachings of the Chagga

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The “covering” Of The Child And The Earpiercing Of One Of His Elder Siblings

The Piercing Of The Right Ear

The Instruction Of Grandchildren

A Man And His Friend, That's A Great Thing

Don't Betray Your Friends

The Teaching With The Bites Of Meat

The Blood-bond Of The Serving Bowl

Say To Him: It Happened By Mistake

One Of You Should Be The “let Him Go”

Don't Be Led Astray Into Stealing Something

The Squatter Is Shot When It Has Become Dark

Act Cautiously Among Your Age-mates And Always Keep An Excuse Ready, Which Can Save Your Life

Once You Have Washed Your Hands You're As Clean As Ever

Don't Curse The Stool You Sit On

Don't Fight With Someone Who Has Nothing Around His Neck

Follow The Man Who Steps On Your Toes

Thoughtless Staring Makes The Beans Burn

Don't Mistreat The Child You've Produced With Your Shield

You Should Pile The Idiot's Plate High, To Make Him Think He's Loved

You Shouldn't Goad Somebody Else's Child

The Reminder Of The Mother Elder

Beware Of The Counting Craze

Be Considerate Of Womanly Ways; They Are Different From Men's

Another Man's Bones (i.e. His Sister) Are A Sweet Drink

Never Attack A Woman

The Female Is The Cleverest Thing On Earth

Let No One Else Drink The Heifer's Milk (teaching For The First-born)

Children Are Raised By Education

Only A Woman Can Bring Up And Care For Orphans

The Heavenly Man Grants You The Unexpected

Don't Let Your Arms Hang Idly. You Have All You Need In Your Arms

Don't Use Your Tongue To Beg Food

The Grandmother's Teaching

Become Mistress In Your Home By Gentleness And Reserve

Use The Terms Of Respect

Take Care Of Papa

Fasten The Hoe Before It Slips From The Handle

Be Cautious With Your Husband And About Divorce

A Husband Is Full Of Braids Like A Strand Of Braiding

Don't Lick The Beer

Sigh Where People Can't Hear You

Don't Gossip About Your In-laws To Your Husband

Be Friendly With Your Neighbor

Don't Climb Up To Your Mother-in-law's Loft Without Her /specific/ Instruction

Don't Go Into Your Father-in-law's Beer Grain Storeroom

Don't Improve The Food With Your Mouth, By By Work In The Fields

The Worst Outrage Is Killing Calves

The Stone Wedge Keeps The Pot Steadfast

As Long As A Little Bird Doesn't Flutter About, No Boy Will Catch And Roast It

Don't Go Away (insulted); Don't Curl Up

Women Suffer Without Complaining

Don't Isolate Yourself

The Extra Sheaf ( Mbwitsi )

The Sib Sheaf

The Reception On The Sib-property

Bringing In The Extra Sheaf

The Grandchildren's Thanks; Conclusion Of The Teaching About Reserves

The Use Of The Extra Sheaf

The Sprinkling Of The Children

You May Use The Plantation But The Soil Remains His

Remember Your Forefathers

Eating By Yourself Brings Disaster

Don't Defy Your Grandparents To Their Faces

They Part And Have Drunk No Muddied Water

As Eldest You Should Be The First To Give

Be The Master In Your House

Don't Become A Starveling

Three Sisters And Four Brothers And You're The Eldest

Flesh And Blood Are Indivisible

Hold Fast To The Pillar The Heavenly Man Sets Up For You

A Banana Grove Is Like A Group Of People

Sew Up Your Mouth When Fate Comes

Honor Your Cousin

Help Maintain The Ancestors' Skull Abode In Honor

Don't Take A Bride Price For A Sib Sister Whose Brother Is Still Alive

Fate Ties You To Your Blood-bond Sister

Don't Bury The Blood-bond

Your Sib Is Numerous; Don't Throw A Firebrand On It

Mronga Hung The Beehive Up Where It Couldn't Be Reached And Then He Left And Didn't Return

Don't Betray Your Sib Brothers To The Chief; He Won't Be Silent About It

Be Careful Like A Wild Goat

If You Ask One Of Our Tribe For Magic He'll Bring You Before The Chief

Monosyllabic Out Of Wisdom

Don't Store Milk In The Udder, When It Doesn't Increase

Don't Keep The Cows' Chief Away From The Farm

Find Out About The Nature Of Cattle; They Are Very Different

Fear The Sluggard More Than The Sorceress

Children Are Not Rubbish

Don't Let The Grasshoppers Eat Up The Shopping Bag

Raise Yourself By Your Elbows

Keep Up Your Farm With Your Hoe

Eat Properly In Front Of Your Wife

Age-class Succeed Each Other

The Obstinate One Won't Defecate All Day

Obedient Ears Lead To Greatness

You Didn't Mature In A Day Like A Mushroom

Be Thoughtful

Beware Of Blind Rage

You Weaken Yourself If You Are Stony

Don't Despise A Bent Back

Don't Scorn The Banana Mush

Be Stupid A While For Grandfather's Sake

Half Of You Should Be A Girl

Lengthen Your Sister's Life And You Lengthen Your Own

Don't Scorn The Teachings; They Help You Obey The Heavenly Man

Don't Defraud Your Nephews Of Their Rightful Marriage-helpers

The Teaching Of The Elder Namta Mišwu

Be Conciliatory Like Your Mother's Brother

While Digging Bulbs You Stumble On One Which Astounds You

The Heavenly Man's Protégé

The Mother's Breast Nurses Them All

Don't Burden A Mother Elder With A Spear Which She Has Become Disaccustomed To

Take Your Children As The Heavenly Man Gives Them To You; He Will Provide Variety

Don't Let Your Child Grow Up Near The Water Like A Colocasin; There It Will Not Suffer Need

Don't Overlook The Elder

Don't Put Things Aside Secretly; That Destroys Your Reputation

Don't Give Both Shield And Hump Away

Buy Your Wife Good Jewelry; It Will Aid You In Times Of Need

Don't Adopt The Abusive Words Of Your Parents And Use Them Against Your Grandparents

Tehele: Imitate!

The Heavenly Man Says To Your Child: “imitate Your Father!”

The Banana Bush At The Gate Which Purifies Itself

Don't Let The Heavenly Man Forsake You

Don't Goad Anyone And The Heavenly Man Will Not Goad You

The Heavenly Man Hates The Double-edged One

Let Nothing Mislead You Into Quarreling With Your Neighbors

Don't Cut Your Wife Off From The Neighbors

Don't Fight With Your Tongue But Only With Your Spear

Don't Make A Hedge With Words But With Thornbushes

Don't Let Your Wife Be Driven Away

Don't Marry Someone Who Stretches Out Her Hands

Take The Calf If You Cannot Get The Cow

Don't Let Yourself Be Enticed Like The Grasshopper Olindo

The Tiny Winged Termite Hurls The Elephant Into The Pit

Rid Yourself Of The Secret Troublemaker

It Is Not Reserve But Affection That Destroys

Protect The Tree Which Gives You Shade

Don't Take Any Cattle Which The Heavenly Man Has Immunized Against The Tap-arrow

Men Are Inconstant. Don't Take Them Into The Heart Of Your Home

What Follows You So Modestly Into The House Will Drive You Out

Don't Challenge Anyone Without Sufficient Reserves

Avoid The Large-spotted One

Let The Castor Oil Plant Be The Test Of A Good Field

The Heavenly Man Says: “buy Free Land, As Others Do.”

Test The Earth Before You Settle On It

Don't Pick Up A String Containing A Knot

We Followed A Ghost Thinking It Was A Human Being

Stay Within Your Own Frontiers

Feel Your Way About And Don't Act Heedlessly

In War Don't Let Yourself Be Misued To Divert The Enemy

Don't Ignore Good Advice In Wartime

Keep Your Ears Pricked Up When On Guard Duty

Control Your Liver, Force It To Sit Down

In Warfare You Must Duck Down And Twist And Turn

Don't Consider The Arrows That Miss, But The One That Hits

Chieftains Are Like The Rain

Don't Strike Down The Off-shoot Of A Mbo Banana

Don't Allow A Pledge To Remain Long With You

Do Not Yearn For Secrecy

Don't Be A Stench To The Great Ones

You Have No Eyes In The Back Of Your Head

We Are The Little Snails That Take Refuge Behind The Banana Leaf

The Heavenly Man Awards Greatness Without Your Knowledge

Don't Put The Entrails In The Pot Before The Meat

Tie A Child Firmly To Someone Who Would Let It Fall

Presentation Of The Grandchildren To The Little Grandfathers

The Bean Dance Of The Great Grandchildren

The Grandchildren's Thanks To Their Grandfather On The Eve Of Their Circumcision

Presentation Of The Boys To The Grandfather On The Morning Of Circumcision

Thank-offering After The Circumcision

The Blessing Of The Mother Elders

Don't Remain Stuck Fast

Instruction In The Use Of The Bow

The Grove Pilgrimage

The Procession To The Grove

The Mother Elder's Farewell

Events In The Grove

Licking The Grasshopper

The Precept Of Ngoso

Events In The Great Grove

The Closing Song In The Great Grove

Procession To The Meadow Of The Mother Elder

Cleaning The Canal

Showing The Necklace Of “tough Fibres From The Virgin Forest” ( Olamba Lo Mtsudu )

Going To The Bathing Basin

On The Bare Meadow

The Worship Of Kibo

The Reception On The Meadow Of The Mother Elder

The Atonement Of The Elder

The Disbanding Of The Grove Pilgrimage Procession

The Atonement Of The Entrance

The Song Of The Fleece-like One /vliesengleich/

The Song Of The Loin Apron

The Farewell Song Of The Elder

Shading The Elder

Entrance Into The Teaching Hut

The Exhortation To The Mothers

The Farewell Song

Covering The Mother Elder

The Dance In Honor Of The Elder

Blessing The Elder

Investiture With The Little Rods

The Song Of Love

The Leave-taking Of The Mothers From The Helper

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: The tribal teachings of the Chagga

Published By: Original publisher München: C. H. Beck'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung. 1932. HRAF ms: xv, 404 p. [Original: xvi, 671 p.] [incomplete]

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Bruno Gutmann

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2010. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Chagga (FN04)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Puberty and initiation (881); Techniques of socialization (861); Literature (538); Oratory (537); Ethnopsychology (828); Cousins (605); Body alterations (304); Instigation of war (721); Hunting and trapping (224); Ethnogeography (823); Verbal arts (5310); Sex training (864); Gender status (562); Polygamy (595); Ceremonial during infancy and childhood (852); Grandparents and grandchildren (603); Friendships (572); Community heads (622); Ethics (577); Visiting and hospitality (574); Basis of marriage (581); Family relationships (593);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This source, written by a missionary living in the Chagga country, consists primarily of lectures delivered to the young people by their elders. These lectures stress the expected behavior for various situations. Most of them deal with behavior toward primary and secondary relatives, and a number with behavior toward chieftains, neighbors, sib-mates, blood-brothers, fellow soldiers, dependents, and so forth. The last quarter of the source gives a detailed description of a group of age-mates undergoing a circumcision ceremony. The researcher should note that these texts refer to idealized patterns of social behavior rather than an objective description. The other two volumes of this work have not been processed for this file.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 3

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. fn04-003

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Component part(s), monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English translation from German

Note: Translation of: [Die Stammeslehren der Dschagga] Translated for the HRAF files by Ward Goodenough and Dorothy Crawford in 1958|Omitted from the Files: various sections not dealing with the Chagga

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1906-1926

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Missionary-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. James R. Leary ; 1958 : Teferi Abate Adem; 2010

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1900-1932

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Chagga, Tanzania

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Chaga (African people)//Chaga language--Texts


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