Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
A source book on Tiv religion
Published By: Original publisher
New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files. 1969. 5 v.
(xv, 802 leaves) ill.
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
Paul and Laura Bohannan
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 1998. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Religious beliefs (770);
Religious practices (780);
Ecclesiastical organization (790);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
This compendium presents reworked field notes on a number
of subjects related to Tiv religion, particularly on witchcraft. It is divided into five
volumes, paginated consecutively. The first volume contains data on general religious
beliefs, ethno-conceptions about both nature and man, sickness, nutrition and reproduction.
The second volume concentrates on some of the key elements of Tiv religion, such as, TSAV
(a substance which grows on the heart, inadequately translated as 'witchcraft potential'),
MBATSAV (a society of those who have TSAV, or 'men of ability), and SWEM and SAssWOOD
(sacred objects and means of controlling the actions of the MBATSAV). The third volume
contains material on AKOMBO, a quite involved religious concept which in a very narrow
sense means magical emblems and magical forces. The AKOMBO differs from the GREAT AKOMBO
(the content of the fourth volume) in that it affects individuals while the GREAT AKOMBO is
the matter of social groups with different sets of emblems and sacrifices. The principles
of classification of AKOMBO and its components and symbols are framed in the fifth volume.
The researcher may find reading pp. 629-630 helpful for understanding the AKOMBO concept.
The last chapter contains data on rituals in the life cycle, particularly those grouping
around childbirth and funerals.
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
The subject Sorcery (754) has been used for TSAV and
MBATSAV, and Trial Procedure (695), Ritual (788) or Magic (789) for SWEM and SAssWOOD.
Sibjects Sacred Objects and Places (778) and Magic (789) have been used as the basic
categories for the AKOMBO, and subjects Theory of Disease (753), Sorcery (754), Magic and
mental therapy (755), Life and Death (761), Prayers and Sacrifices (782), Ritual (788), and
Organized Ceremonials (796) have been used for various aspects of the same.
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
Dubravka Schmalzbauer ; Sigrid Khera ; 1971-1972
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
Benue State, Nigeria
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings
Tiv (African people)