Bohannan, Laura. The Tiv of central Nigeria

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Nomenclature And Demography


Location And Physical Environment

Population And Distribution

Enclaved Groups


History And Traditions Of Origin

Traditions Of Origin

European Exploration And Penetration

Social Organization And Political Structure

The Compound (ya, Pl. Uya)

Physical Appearance Of The Compound

The People Of The Compound

Lineage And Territorial Organization

Genealogical Composition

Territorial And Lineage Segments; The Minimal Segments

The System Of Territorial And Lineage Segments

The Placement Of The Individual: Nongo And Ity[unknown]

Moral And Social Functions Of The Lineage System

Warfare And Homicide

Theft (iiv)

The Marriage Ward (ing[unknown]l) Group

Exogamic Groups

Akombo Groups

Council Groups (“those Who Sit In One Moot,” Mba Tema Jili M[unknown]m

Discussion And Summary

Treaties (ikul)


Principles Of Leadership

General Qualifications For Leadership

Positions Of Leadership


Men Of Affluence And Prestige

Men Of Prestige And Influence

Tiv Leaders

British Administration

First Administration: 1906-1934

Administrative Reorganizations Since 1934

Tiv Administration, 1952


Courts And Codes

Procedure, Witnesses, And Oaths

Scope Of Courts, Moots, And Arbitration

Sasswood Ordeal




Formation Of Age-sets

Age-set Advisers (igba Kwau)


Age-set Activities


Main Features Of Economy

Migrant Labour

Land Tenure

Labour Groups

Crops And The Use Of Land

Trade And Markets

Migration And Expansion

Reasons For Migration

Modes Of Migration

Pace Of Migration


Terms Of Consanguinity

Lineal Terms

Collateral Terms

Collective Terms Of Consanguinity

Terms Of Affinity

Birth, Names, And Circumcision




Cicatrization, Dress, And Adornment


Tooth Filing And Ear Piercing



Hair Styles And Personal Adornment


Marriage Before 1927

Exchange Marriage (kwase Yamen Sha Ishe)

Marriage By Capture—iye Treaties

Marriage By Purchase—kwase U Sha Uika

Kem Marriage

Present-day Marriage Forms

Kem Marriage

Elopement (ii Kwase)

Marriage Celebrations

Other Forms Of Marriage

“bearing Children At Home” (maren Ha Ya U Ter)

“sister” And “companion” Marriages

Divorce And Widow Inheritance

Stability Of Present-day Kem Marriage


Widow Inheritance

Death And Burial

Causes Of Death







The Great Akombo

The Mbatsav

Swem And Sasswood

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: The Tiv of central Nigeria

Published By: Original publisher London: International African Institute. 1953. 100 p. maps

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Laura and Paul Bohannan

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 1998. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Tiv (FF57)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This well-organized survey brings together in one volume the existing knowledge of Tiv culture. It contains information on demography, language, history, social organization, political structure, economic activities, kinship and marriage ties, treatment of birth and death, and religious beliefs. As a whole, it is an excellent source of reference on social relationships and behavior but inadequate for description of material culture.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 19

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. ff57-019

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 94-96) and index

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1949-1952

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Robert Lee ; 1958

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). not specified

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Benue State, Nigeria

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Tiv (African people)


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