Griaule, Marcel, 1898-1956. Dogon masks

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Addenda And Errata

Outline Of The Work

Introduction.

Geographical Setting.

Hydrography.

Vegetation.

Hunting And Fishing.

Domestic Animal Raising.

Agriculture.

The Population Center.

Architecture.

Forge.

Weaving.

Pottery.

Territorial Organization. Migrations.

Example Of Village Founding.

Religion.

Conclusion.

Book I. Myths

Chapter I. Gloss Of The Myths.

Creation Of The World.

Quarrel Of The Sky And Earth (2).

Invention Of Fire.

Invention Of Agriculture.

Domestication Of Animals.

Quarrel Of Amma And The Earth.

Discovery Of Fibers By An Andoumboulou Woman.

Invention Of Death By The Andoumboulou.

Founding Of The First Mask Altar By The Andoumboulou.

Discovery Of Masks By A Woman.

Appearance Of Death Among Men And Invention Of Sigui.

Teaching Of The Secret Language To Men.

Celebration Of The First Sigui.

Other Death By New Rupture Of The Order (1).

Purchase Of Death By The God Amma.

Invention Of The Dama.

Contagion Of Death By Masks.

Celebration Of The Second Sigui.

Carving Of The First Animal Mask.

Transmission Of Masks.

Chapter Ii. Text In Language Of The Sigui (1).

The Myth In Language Of The Sigui. (text And Translation Line By Line). Creation Of The World (3).

French Translation Of The Text In Secret Language (1).

Creation Of The World.

Quarrel Of The Earth And Sky.

New Creation Of Men (2).

Invention Of Agriculture.

Preparation Of Food.

Quarrel Of The Earth And The God Amma.

Discovery Of The Red Fabric By An Andoumboulou Woman.

Taking Of The Fabric By The Male Andoumboulou.

Revelation Of The Secret Language To The Andoumboulou.

Appearance Of Death And Invention Of The Sigui Among The Andoumboulou.

Purchase Of Death From The Andoumboulou By The God Amma.

Preparation And Celebration Of The Sigui By The Andoumboulou.

Discovery Of The Fibers By The Woman.

Taking Of The Fibers By The Men.

Death Of The Ancestor.

Invention Of The Sigui Among Men.

Funeral Of The Ancestor.

Designation Of The First Nani.

Revelation Of The Secret Language To The Goatherd.

Carving Of The Great Mask.

Preparation Of The Sigui.

Celebration Of The Sigui.

Chapter Iii. Personal Mythical Beings.

The Yéban.

The Gyinou.

The Nommo.

The Andoumboulou.

Chapter Iv. Impersonal Mythical Principle. The Nyama.

Book Ii. The Sigui.

Introduction To The Book Of The Sigui.

Chapter I. A. — The Ritual (sanga).

Fixing Of The Date Of The Sigui.

Inauguration Of The Sigui.

Transmission Of The Sigui.

Preparation Of The Sigui (in Sanga).

Carving And Consecration Of The Great Mask.

Choice Of Initiates.

Initiation Of The Olubaru.

Material Preparation For The Sigui.

Description Of The Festivities.

Transmission Of The Sigui.

Participants In The Festivities.

Interdicts Relative To The Sigui.

Death.

B. — Notes On The Ritual Of Various Regions.

Yougo Na.

Yougo Pilou.

Kounnou (1).

Touyogou.

Ibi Bobongo.

Ninou.

Banani.

Pêguê.

Dini (1).

Soroli.

Gologou.

Nandouli.

Mendéli.

Ouéré.

Tébélé.

Damasongo.

Kaoli.

Yanda.

Yanda (1st Group).

Yanda (2nd Group). Guinedye.

Yanda (2nd Group). Sono (1).

Chapter Ii. Materiel.

A. — Great Masks.

Gogoli.

Gogoli.

Gorges Of I.

Sanga Region (2).

Ennguel-du-bas (3).

Barna.

Ibi.

Yendoumman Ato.

Yendoumman Damma (2).

Yendoumman Banama (2).

Yendoumman Da (1).

Yendoumman Sogolou (1).

Touyogou.

Kounnou Dogomo.

Yanda.

Nini Ogolou.

B. —bull-roarers. (1)

Untitled Section: ...

Chapter Iii. Agents.

Inne Puru , Inne Omo.

Olubaru.

Mulono.

Yasigine.

1. — Yasigine By Birth.

2. — Yasigine By Birthright.

3. — Yasigine By Heredity.

4. — Yasigine By Designation.

5. — Yasigine By Possession.

Installation.

Personal Cult.

Book Iii. Funeral Ceremonies.

Chapter I. General Ritual (sanga).

Chapter Ii. Special Rituals (sanga).

Funeral Ceremonies Of An Initiate.

Funeral Ceremonies Of A Mulono.

Funeral Ceremonies Of A Yona.

Funeral Ceremonies Of A Yasigine.

Book Iv. The Dama.

Introduction To The Book Of The Dama.

Chapter I.

A. — Ritual Of Sanga.

Preparation Of The Provisions.

Sacrifice To The Great Mask.

Preparation Of The Costumes (1).

Celebration Of The Dama.

Untitled Section: ...

Interdicts Observed During The Dama.

Dama Of A Yasigine (sanga).

B. — Notes On The Rituals Of The Regions Near Sanga.

Iréli.

Mendéli.

Tébélé.

Yougo Na.

Yougo Dogorou.

Yanda.

Ouéré.

Nimmbé.

Chapter Ii.

A. — Fabrication Of Masks.

Table Of The Masks.

Fabrication Of The Fibers.

Fabrication.

Carving Of The Wood.

Shelters.

B. — The Masks And Their Accessories.

Masks Representing Mammals.

Banani (ancient).

Yanda (ogolou Pépey And Konodonno).

Antelope Karanda.

Gazelle K[unknown]l[unknown]mo ˘jeñ[unknown].

Karãn˘jã[unknown]a

Sim.

Gorugu.

Antelope Walu.

Bovid.

Buffalo.

Donkey.

Hare.

Black Monkey (1).

Red Monkey (1).

White Monkey (1).

Lion (2).

Cheetah.

Hyena.

Elephant.

Masks Representing Birds.

Kanaga.

Ostrich.

Damnyu Bird.

Do[unknown]u Bird.

Dyabu Bird.

Ogoy[unknown]ru Bird.

Rock Hen.

Yawa Bird.

Duck.

Owl.

Masks Representing Saurians.

Crocodile.

Masks Representing Dogon.

Albarga (1).

Hogon.

Priest Of The Totem.

Young Man.

Young Girl.

Satimbe.

Old Woman.

Woman.

Young Girl.

Girl.

Stilts.

Deaf-mute.

Hunter.

Iréli (3).

Healer.

Blacksmith And His Wife.

Shoemaker.

Shoemaker's Wife.

Shoemaker's Young Daughter.

Drummer And His Wife.

Thief.

Adapaye (1).

Bambara Kaze.

Masks Representing Foreigners.

Peul.

Peul Woman.

Futa.

Samana.

Young Samana Girl.

Dioula.

Bambara Woman.

Morhine.

Tuareg.

Madam.

Physician.

Masks Representing Things.

Sirige.

Amma 's Door.

Paliy[unknown].

Elbow.

Fruit-borer.

Unidentified Masks.

Calabash.

Pōnu.

Gumgumbere.

Kaę.

Chapter Iii. Rock Paintings.

A. - General Remarks.

Age Of The Paintings.

Interpretation.

Sites.

B. — Mythology And Rituals Relating To The Bammi Paintings.

1. — Institution Of Masks (2).

2. — Circumcision.

3. — Nonritual Paintings ( Tonu ).

C. — Examples Of Rock Paintings.

A) Paintings Representing Masks.

Kanaga Mask.

Walu Mask.

Various Masks.

Sirige Masks.

Great Mask.

B) Paintings Representing Things.

C) Paintings Representing Animals.

D) Paintings Representing Human Personages And Heavenly Bodies.

Dancers.

E) Representations Of Mythical Beings.

F) Various Representations

Rock Pecking.

Bas-reliefs.

Chapter Iv. Dances.

A. — General Remarks On The Dances.

The Drum.

The Staging-ground.

The Procession.

The Dances.

B. — Description Of The Dances.

A) General Dances.

B) Special Dances.

Book V

Chapter I. Altars Of The Cult Of Masks.

Descriptions Of Altars.

Buguturu.

1. Description.

2. Sacrifices.

Mãma.

Ti[unknown]ini Pay.

Pany[unknown]

Temmugu.

Numosomu.

Olugizu.

Chapter Ii. Various Practices And Beliefs Connected With The Institution Of Masks.

I. — Rites Relating To Fecundity.

Ii. — Rain Rites.

Iii. Interdict Signs.

Iv. — Protection Against Sorcerers.

V. — Magic Practices.

1° Sorcery.

2° Lycanthropy.

3° Divination.

Remarks On The Role Of The Institution Of Masks.

The Myth (2).

The Sigui.

Funeral Ceremonies.

The Dama.

The Old Men.

The Initiates.

The Men.

The Awa As Evolutionary Element.

Esthetic Activity Of The Awa.

Public Role Of The Mask.

The Mask On The Terrace Of A Dead Man's House.

The Mask On The Public Square.

Development Of Emotion.

Emotion Created By The Fibers.

Emotion Created By The Great Mask.

Emotion Created By The Masks.

The Mask And The Costume.

The Dance.

Mythical Origin.

Relationships Between Dance , And Mask.

The Mimicry.

The Ceremonial.

Intellectual Activity Of The Awa.

The Rock Paintings.

Virtue Of The Shape.

Virtue Of The Artist's Word.

Relations Between The Manual Rite And The Oral Rite.

The Paintings And Orientation.

Esthetic Role Of The Paintings.

Myth And Evolution.

Contemporary Evolution Of The Institution Of Masks.

General Causes.

Specific Causes.

Conclusion.

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Dogon masks

Published By: Original publisher Paris: Institut d'Ethnologie. 1938. HRAF MS: i, 899 leaves [original: xii, 896 p.] ill., maps

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Marcel Griaule

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2000. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Dogon (FA16)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Mourning (765); Cult of the dead (769); Representative art (532); Sacred objects and places (778); Dance (535); Organized ceremonial (796); Literary texts (539); Mythology (773); Sodalities (575); Burial practices and funerals (764);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This work presents the results of the author's study of Dogon masks, data for which were collected in the course of investigations carried on in the escarpment of Bandiagara during three visits to the area in October-November 1931, January to April 1935, and February to October 1937. Prior to the presentation of his data on the masks, the author gives a brief introduction to the geography of the region, its basic economy, population characteristics, arts and crafts (e. g., blacksmithing, weaving, pottery making), territorial organization, traditional history, and religion. Following this Griaule begins to develop the main theme of this study through the focusing of attention on mythology which he feels is essential to a better understanding of the development of the masks. Texts of the myths, presented in the Sigui language, as well as discussions of mythical beings, the impersonal mythical principle (e.g., nyama), appear as Book I of this source. The repetition of mythical events, in the form of Sigui rituals, make up the second part of this work (Book II). Following in logical order, the funeral ceremonies of those men who had significant roles in the representation of the masks in the Sigui rituals, make up Book III, followed by the Book of Dama (Book IV), dealing with the ceremonies governing the departure of the soul. This section has been divided into four separate parts dealing with the rituals proper, the materials and descriptions of the masks and costumes, the rock paintings in the mask shelters, and finally the associated dances. The last section of this source is concerned with the mask altars and various other practices somewhat peripheral to the institution under consideration (p. 5).

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 8

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. fa16-008

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Component part(s), monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English translation from French

Note: Translation of: Masques Dogons|The original French text is not included|Because of poor quality, many graphics are not included Includes bibliographical references (p. 824-882) Translated for the HRAF files by Jean H. Winchell

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1932-1937

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. John Beierle ; 1986-1987

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1931-1937

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Bandiagara Circle, Mopti Region, Mali

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Dogons (African people)

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