Ott, Sandra. The circle of mountains: a Basque shepherding community

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Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: The circle of mountains: a Basque shepherding community

Published By: Original publisher Oxford: Clarendon Press. 1981. 16, 238 p. ill., maps

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication [by] Sandra Ott

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2000. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Basques (EX08)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Annual cycle (221); Pastoral activities (233); Dairying (234); Labor and leisure (461); Mutual aid (476); Social relationships and groups (571); Ingroup antagonisms (578); Household (592);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This source is a study of the shepherding community of Sainte-Engrâce located in the southeastern corner of the province of Soule, one of the three Basque provinces in France. The author focuses her attention on two fundamental principles that order '…two systems of asymmetric exchange and a range of other institutionalized forms of co-operation…' in the society (p. vii). These principles are those of UNGURU or rotation in the sense of movement around a center of axis, as clearly evidenced in several of the religious rituals, and ALDIKATZIA or 'serial replacement' or 'alternation', as noted in the sharing of pastoral activities by the men. Much of this source is concerned in one way or another with these two concepts and with the three main institutions in Sainte-Engrâce society -- the household, 'first neighbor' relations, and the pastoral institution of the OLHA (a shepherding and cheese making syndicate). Ott also draws interesting parallels between Basque ideas about human conception and those relevant to the formation of cheese.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 3

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. ex08-003

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1976-1979

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. John Beierle ; 1990-1991

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 700 A.D. - 1970s

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Sainte-Engrâce, Soule, France

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Basques

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