Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
The circle of mountains: a Basque shepherding
Published By: Original publisher
Oxford: Clarendon Press. 1981. 16, 238 p. ill.,
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
[by] Sandra Ott
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 2000. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Annual cycle (221);
Pastoral activities (233);
Labor and leisure (461);
Mutual aid (476);
Social relationships and groups (571);
Ingroup antagonisms (578);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
This source is a study of the shepherding community of
Sainte-Engrâce located in the southeastern corner of the province of Soule, one of the
three Basque provinces in France. The author focuses her attention on two fundamental
principles that order '…two systems of asymmetric exchange and a range of other
institutionalized forms of co-operation…' in the society (p. vii). These principles are
those of UNGURU or rotation in the sense of movement around a center of axis, as clearly
evidenced in several of the religious rituals, and ALDIKATZIA or 'serial replacement' or
'alternation', as noted in the sharing of pastoral activities by the men. Much of this
source is concerned in one way or another with these two concepts and with the three main
institutions in Sainte-Engrâce society -- the household, 'first neighbor' relations, and
the pastoral institution of the OLHA (a shepherding and cheese making syndicate). Ott also
draws interesting parallels between Basque ideas about human conception and those relevant
to the formation of cheese.
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
John Beierle ; 1990-1991
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
700 A.D. - 1970s
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
Sainte-Engrâce, Soule, France
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings