Hockings, Paul. Sex and disease in a mountain community

Table of Contents

Publication Information

1 Introduction

An Approach

Introducing The Badagas

Previous Studies

Topography Of The District

Badaga Medical History

The Formulation And Spread Of Medical Knowledge

2 Feeding And Caring For The Body

Types Of Foodstuff

Preparation Of Food







Clothing And Adornment 2

3 Sexual Behaviour

Fertility And Morality

Sex Education

Lovers And Prostitutes

The Consummation Of Marriage

Menstrual Practices

Adult Sexual Activity

Fertility And Infertility

4 Birth Practices



Post-partum Practices

The Form And Sex Of The Child

5 Child Care

Feeding The Infant

Principles Of Child Care


Early Childhood

Childhood Ceremonies

Childhood Maladies

Thermal Burns: Dry ( Benda Hunnu )

Leukoderma ( Sullu )

Alopecia Areata ( Tare Ma□e )


Tonsilitis ( Tonde Ka□alu )

Cough ( Kemmalu )

Singultus ( Selamudalu )

Pertussis ( Kokkare )

Rickets ( Sotte )

Constipation ( Se:dalu )

Enuresis ( Maggilu`c`ce )


Cretinism ( Karu Hotte )

Infective Hepatitis ( Bara Ka:male )

Phthisis ( So:gano: )

Fright ( Anjike )

6 Some Common Badaga Maladies

Skin Diseases

Benign Wart

Furuncle: Abscess Ga:le

Melanoma ( Bippiri )

Goitre ( Ka□a Ma:le )

Depigmentation Of Skin, Or Vitiligo ( Sullu )

Taddu )

Angioneurotic Edema ( A : Ne Gajji )

Tinea ( Gore Hu□u )

Alopecia ( Bo:□e Ma□e

Dermatitis Venenata ( Bava:ci Turi )

Eczema ( Hu:hu□u )


Lacerations ( Gaiya )

Bruise ( Kandalu )

Thermal Burns: Dry ( Benda Hu□u )

Thermal Burns : Wet ( Benda Hu□u )

Animal Bites

Cranial Maladies

Migraine ( Otte Tale )

Headache ( Ma□e:ru )


Deafness ( Kivu□u )


Bad Vision

Blindness ( Kurudu )

Trachoma Or Conjunctivitis ( Keppu Ka□u )

Corneal Scar Or Vitamin A Deficiency ( Be□a Ka□u )

Acute Conjunctivitis ( Ka□u No. )

Mouth, Nose And Throat


Pyorrhoea ( Ma:dua )

Tonsilitis ( Tonde Ka□alu )


Sprain ( Sikkalu )

Elephantiasis ( A:ne Ka:lu )


Ulceration ( Gi:vu )

Fracture ( O□eda Ilu )

Rheumatism ( Baibu )

Thorax And Abdomen

Asthma ( Kemmalu )

Tuberculosis ( So:ga Ro:ga )

Dyspepsia ( Igu□a )

Pyrosis ( Surusuru )

Poisoning ( Maddu Timbadu )

Constipation ( Sege )

Hemorrhoids ( Mu:la )

Dysentery ( Mukkalotte )


Ulcer ( Hotte Hu□u )


Venereal Disease


Urethritis ( Sege )


Fever ( Jara )

Sinus Infection ( Nega□i ); Rheumatism ( Baibu ); Pneumonia; Typhoid ( Na:□u No: )

General Illnesses Of The Entire Body

Trachoma Or Conjunctivitis ( Kunna Gaiy )

Leprosy Kusta Ro:ga )

7 Dangerous And Epidemic Diseases

Varicella ( Cikkamma )

Variola ( Do□amma )

Rubella ( Kasare )

Plague ( Ili Sattara )

Cholera ( Ba:ndi Be:di )

Malaria ( Adurejara )

Hepatits—jaundice ( Manja Ka:male )

Hepatitis ( Bara Ka: Male )

Poliomyelitis ( Do□a Gaiy )

8 Psychiatric Disorders

Spirit Possession

Other Mental Disturbances

9 The Advent Of Death

Old Age

The Causes Of Death

10 The Therapists And Their Knowledge

The Practice Of Therapy

Becoming A Therapist


Exorcists And Shamans

Qther Specialists

Missionary Therapists

Knowledge Of Physiology


Causation Of Disease

The Meaning Of Therapy


Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Sex and disease in a mountain community

Published By: Original publisher Sahibabad, Distt. Ghaziabad: Vikas Publishing Pvt Ltd.. 1980. xi, 240 p. ill.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Paul Hockings

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2005. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Badaga (AW50)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Preventive medicine (751); Elimination (514); Personal hygiene (515); Sex training (864); Premarital sex relations (836); Disabilities (732); Medical therapy (757); Bodily injuries (752); Morbidity (164); Medical care (758); Conception (842); Dying (763); Mortality (165);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This source is essentially a study of Badaga folk medicine with a concentration on both the cultural context of therapy and its wide-ranging pharmacopoeia. Although a major section of the book deals with the Badaga classification of curable illnesses, there are other chapters dealing with sexuality and reproduction, medical therapists and other specialists (including data on client-therapist relations and the recruitment of apprentices to the profession), general health care, and the advent of death. Of the several useful indices located at the end of the source, one in particular may be of special interest to pharmacologists. This index called the 'trilingual index of botanical identifications' provides a botanical listing of various plant substances used in the preparation of Badaga medicines.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 4

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. aw50-004

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 213-219) and index

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1962-1977

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. John Beierle ; 1989

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1962-1977

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Nilgiri Hills, Tamil Nadu State, India

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Badaga (Indic people)


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