Barth, Fredrik, 1928-. Features of person and society in Swat: collected essays on Pathans

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Publication Information

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Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Features of person and society in Swat: collected essays on Pathans

Published By: Original publisher London ; Boston: Routledge and Kegan Paul. 1981. 6, 190 p. ill., maps

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Fredrik Barth

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2002. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Pashtun (AU04)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Territorial hierarchy (631); Ethnic stratification (563); Castes (564); Occupational specialization (463); Lineages (613); Real property (423); Acculturation and culture contact (177); Social relationships and groups (571); Sociocultural trends (178); Community heads (622); Prophets and ascetics (792); Theoretical orientation in research and its results (121); Chief executive (643);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This is a comparative, theoretical study which reveals the progression of the author's thinking on the social system in the mountain-valley region of Swat. The first two-thirds of the book (Chapters 1-6) are reprinted essays analyzing the dominant features of social organization, including observations that were made in Barth's original fieldwork in 1954. A re-assessment of the author's earlier works as well as a response to his chief critics, especially Ahmed (1976) and Asad (1972) are presented in Chapter 7. (See 2:Ahmed; the Asad material has thus far not been processed for the file.) Barth applies various theoretical and organizational models to explain the territorial and social distribution of authority (Chapters 1 and 7), the rule of descent and the kinship basis of social groups (Chapter 3) and the priorities in Pashtun social and sexual relationships (Chapter 4). Barth describes social groupings among the Pashtun as having a caste and occupational component (Chapter 2). Such groups are also presented as contractual, patron-client arrangements and as lineage segments which enable tribal groups to form variable alliances and oppositions with each other (Chapters 2 and 3). The identity of Pashtun with respect to other groups occupying the same or adjacent territories is discussed in Chapters 1 and 5, while identity maintenance within Pashtun society is considered in Chapter 6. Much of the discussion in essence concerns group formation, particularly the roles of leaders and their efforts in securing a following. However, the precise nature of Pashtun social organization, both before and after Swat is incorporated into Pakistan (in 1969), remains a complex matter despite Barth's efforts to revitalize his theoretical position.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 5

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. au04-005

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 182-185)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1954, 1960, 1974, 1978, 1979

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Delores Walters ; Gerald Reid ; 1988

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). nineteenth century - 1970s

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Swat region, northern Pakistan

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Pushtuns

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