Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Barth, Fredrik, 1928-
Features of person and society in Swat: collected essays on
Published By: Original publisher
London ; Boston: Routledge and Kegan Paul. 1981. 6, 190 p.
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 2002. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Territorial hierarchy (631);
Ethnic stratification (563);
Occupational specialization (463);
Real property (423);
Acculturation and culture contact (177);
Social relationships and groups (571);
Sociocultural trends (178);
Community heads (622);
Prophets and ascetics (792);
Theoretical orientation in research and its results (121);
Chief executive (643);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
This is a comparative, theoretical study which reveals the
progression of the author's thinking on the social system in the mountain-valley region of
Swat. The first two-thirds of the book (Chapters 1-6) are reprinted essays analyzing the
dominant features of social organization, including observations that were made in Barth's
original fieldwork in 1954. A re-assessment of the author's earlier works as well as a
response to his chief critics, especially Ahmed (1976) and Asad (1972) are presented in
Chapter 7. (See 2:Ahmed; the Asad material has thus far not been processed for the file.)
Barth applies various theoretical and organizational models to explain the territorial and
social distribution of authority (Chapters 1 and 7), the rule of descent and the kinship
basis of social groups (Chapter 3) and the priorities in Pashtun social and sexual
relationships (Chapter 4). Barth describes social groupings among the Pashtun as having a
caste and occupational component (Chapter 2). Such groups are also presented as
contractual, patron-client arrangements and as lineage segments which enable tribal groups
to form variable alliances and oppositions with each other (Chapters 2 and 3). The identity
of Pashtun with respect to other groups occupying the same or adjacent territories is
discussed in Chapters 1 and 5, while identity maintenance within Pashtun society is
considered in Chapter 6. Much of the discussion in essence concerns group formation,
particularly the roles of leaders and their efforts in securing a following. However, the
precise nature of Pashtun social organization, both before and after Swat is incorporated
into Pakistan (in 1969), remains a complex matter despite Barth's efforts to revitalize his
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
Includes bibliographical references (p. 182-185)
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
1954, 1960, 1974, 1978, 1979
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
Delores Walters ; Gerald Reid ; 1988
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
nineteenth century - 1970s
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
Swat region, northern Pakistan
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings