Marshall, Harry Ignatius, 1878-. The Karen people of Burma: a study in anthropology and ethnology

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Chapter I Habitat And Tribal Distribution Of The Karen

Chapter Ii The Origin Of The Karen

Chapter Iii Physical Characteristics

Chapter Iv Mental And Moral Characteristics Of The Karen

Chapter V Language

Chapter Vi Dress And Ornaments

Chapter Vii Measures Of Time And Space. Karen Astronomy

The Seasons And The Months

The Days Of The Week

Measurement Of Space

The Karen's Knowledge Of Astronomy

Chapter Viii The Karen Village-house

Chapter Ix Food And Its Preparation

Chapter X Agricultural Pursuits And Other Occupations

In The Hills

On The Plains

Chapter Xi Hunting And Fishing


Chapter Xii Spinning, Dyeing, And Weaving. Mat-making And Basketry

I. Spinning

Ii. Dyeing And Weaving

Iii. Mat-making And Basketry

Chapter Xiii Bronze Drums

Chapter Xiv Social Conditions

Political Arrangements

Community Life

The Women

Family Relationships


The Guest-chamber And Club-room


Chapter Xv Laws And Precepts

Chapter Xvi Warfare And Weapons

Private Forays

Redemption Of Captives


Chapter Xvii Music, Musical Instruments, And Dancing

Karen Music

Musical Instruments


Chapter Xviii Birth Customs, Childhood

Birth Customs


Chapter Xix Marriage Customs

Chapter Xx Funeral Customs

Chapter Xxi Religious Conceptions

The Three Conceptions

The “y'wa” Tradition

Beliefs Concerning The Soul And The Life Principle

The Continuity Of Life

Chapter Xxii Supernatural And Mythical Beings

Chapter Xxiii Propitiatory Sacrifices And Healing Offerings

A. The Great Sacrifice Of The Sgaw

B. The Bwe Sacrifice

C. The Small Sacrifice Of The Sgaw

Ii. Offerings For The Sick

Iii. Offerings To The “k'la” Itself

Prophets And Elders

Chapter Xxiv Feasts To The “bgha”

The Ceremonial Of The Feasts

Customs Incidental To The “bgha” Feasts

Chapter Xxv Mount “thaw Thi.” Religious Cults

The Sacred Mount

Religious Cults

Chapter Xxvi Magic

Chapter Xxvii Divinations

Chapter Xxviii Tabu

Chapter Xxix Growth Of Christianity Among The Karen

Chapter Xxx The Progress Of The Karen Race

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: The Karen people of Burma: a study in anthropology and ethnology

Published By: Original publisher Columbus: The University of Ohio Press. 1922. xv, 329 p., plates

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Rev. Harry Ignatius Marshall, M.A.

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2012. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Karen (AP07)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Linguistic identification (197); Traditional history (173); Mythology (773); History (175); Topography and geology (133); Normal garb (291); Special garments (292); Descriptive somatology (142); Mortality (165); Form and rules of government (642); Ethnic stratification (563); Inter-ethnic relations (629); Pregnancy (843); Missions (797); Religious and educational structures (346); Cultural identity and pride (186); Acculturation and culture contact (177);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document Despite the subtitle, this work is not a thorough ethnography, because as the author states, 'the notes were collected at such intervals as could be taken from my labors as a district missionary.' A large portion of the text is devoted to mythology and extinct ceremonials, for some of which material the author relies on the writings of earlier missionaries. The photographs depict various aspects of Karen material culture, but nothing of the much-described ceremonies and rituals. A glossary of Karen words is included. The author's description of the contemporary culture, i.e. ca. 1910-18, is specific although incomplete.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 19

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. ap07-019

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 321-322)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document ca. 1910-1918

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Missionary-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. W. K. Carr ; 1955

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1910-1922

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Karen people, Burma

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Karen (Southeast Asian people)//Burma--Social life and customs


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