Schebesta, Paul, 1887-1967. The Negritos of Asia; vol. 2, ethnography of the Negritos: half-vol. 1, economy and sociology

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Part I. The Economy Of The Negritos


Chapter I. Dwelling And Settlement

A. Among The Semang

1. Housing

2. House Furnishings

3. The Settlement

Chapter Ii. Clothing And Adornment

B. Among The Semang

1. Women's Clothing

A) Fringed Apron And Belt-string Of Rhizomorphs

B) Aprons Made From Other Plant Materials

2. Men's Clothing

3. Ornaments

Chapter Iii. Food /section A, Pp. 52–53 Is Untranslated./

B. Among The Semang

1. Plant Food

2. Honey

3. Animal Food

Chapter Iv. Obtaining Food And Preparing It /section A, Pp. 62–89, Is Omitted/

B. Among The Semang

1. Obtaining Food

A) Plant Food

Α) The Cultivation Of Clearings

Β) Gathering Plant Food

B) Capturing Animals

1a) Traps, Snares

1b) Hunting

Α) Bow And Arrow

Β) The Blowgun

Γ) The Sumpitan Arrow

Δ) Sumpitan Quiver

∊) Arrow Poisons

Ζ) The Spear; Other Weapons

Η) The Dog

C) Fishing

D) Foraging For Honey And Luxuries

2. Food Preparation

A) Firemaking

B) Cooking And Eating

Chapter V. Other Economic Activities

1. The Smith's Trade

2. Basketwork

3. Navigation

4. Symbiosis And Trade

5. Summary

6. Nomadism, Cultural Poverty

Chapter Vi. Protection And Enhancement Of Life

I. Protection Of Life

A) Warding Off Predatory Animals

B) Medicine /section A, Pp. 166–169, Is Untranslated./

B. Among The Semang

Ii. Pleasures And Enjoyment Of Life

C. Among The Semang

1. Children's Games

2. Entertainment Among Adults

3. Musical Instruments

Iii. Summary

Part Ii. The Sociology Of The Negrito

Chapter I. Basic Features Of The Andamanese And Senoi Social Organization

B. Senoi

1. Social Organization

2. Marriage And Birth Customs

Chapter Ii. Sociology Of The Semang

1. The Tribe

2. The Local Group (large Family, Kin Group)

3. Kin-group Leadership

4. Property Rights

A) Communal Property And Use Rights

B) Private Property

C) Summary

Chapter Iii. Marriage And Family Among The Semang

1. Individual Family

2. Marriage

3. Wedding

4. Impediments To Marriage

5. Avoidance Customs

6. Love Medicines

7. Divorce

8. Adultery

9. Monogamy, Polygamy, Polyandry

10. Summary

Chapter Iv. The Child

1. Introduction

2. Conception And The Belief In The Soul-bird

3. Pregnancy

4. Birth Customs

5. Name-giving

6. Child Rearing

Chapter V. Social Behavior And Individual Characteristics

1. Behavior

2. Individual Characteristics

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: The Negritos of Asia; vol. 2, ethnography of the Negritos: half-vol. 1, economy and sociology

Published By: Original publisher Wien-Mödling: St. -Gabriel-Verlag. 1954. HRAF ms: vii, 351 p. [original: xiv, 340]

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Paul Schebesta

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2000. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Semang (AN07)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Identification (101); Field data (117); Cultural participation (184); Collecting (222); Mats and basketry (285); Woodworking (322); Architecture (341); Dwellings (342); Furniture (352); Building interiors and arrangement (353); External trade (439); Division of labor by gender (462); Residence (591); Nuclear family (594); Extended families (596); Kin relationships (602);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This monograph, which is the first of two half-volumes on the ethnography of the Negritos of Asia, deals with the economy and sociology of the Andamanese Negritos, Semang, Sakai (Senoi )and Aeta groups. Only the material on the Semang and the Sakai or Senoi has been translated, and of that only the data relevant to the Semang has been indexed for OCM (Outline of Cultural Materials)subjects. Material on economy includes: housing, clothing and adornment, the food quest and food preparation, trade, medicine and leisure time activities. In discussing sociology Schebesta presents his complete material for the first time. This covers social organization, property rights, marriage and child rearing. A chapter describing his informants presents interesting life history materials. The material presented in this source is the result of two years field work during the periods 1924-1925 and 1938-1939. Information is given about the following Semang groups: Jahay, Kenta'-Bog'n, Kensiu, Lanoh, Menri', Batek, Sabub'n, Mos, Jedek, Karei, Tonga and Hami. An index of native terms appears at the end of the second half-volume (Schebesta, 1957, no. 2).

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 1

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. an07-001

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English translation from German

Note: Translation of: [Die Negrito Asiens; II. Band, Ethnographie der Negrito; 1. Halbband, Wirtschaft und Soziologie] Includes bibliographical references Translated from the German for Human Relations Area Files by Frieda Schütze ca. 1963

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1938-1939

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Joan Steffens ; 1963, Teferi Abate Adem ; 2006

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1924-1939

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Malaysia

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Batek (Malaysian people)/Semang (Malaysian people)


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