Dentan, Robert Knox, 1936-. Some Senoi Semai dietary restrictions: a study of food behavior in a Malay hill tribe

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Chapter 1 Land And People

The Land: Physical Environment

Biosphere

Flora

Fauna

The People

Introduction

Demography

Race

Health

Summary

Chapter Ii The Exploitation Of The Environment For Food

Introduction

General Remarks

Procuring Wild Plant Foods

General Remarks

Collecting Fruit

Procuring Other Plant Foods

Summary

Procuring Wild Animal Foods

General Remarks

Hunting With Blowpipe And Shotgun

Minor Techniques

Summary

Trapping

Fishing

Keeping Animals

General Remarks

Domesticated Animals

Pets

Agriculture

General Remarks

History

Selection Of Site

Clearing Swiddens

Burning, Planting And Tending

Agronomic Principles

Distribution Of Food

General Remarks

Summary

Chapter Iii Aspects Of Semai Social Organization

Introduction

General Remarks

Consensus And Identity

Qualifications And Rights

Manipulating The Consensus

How Consensus Operates

Dealing With Consensus

Proscription Of “violence”

General Remarks

Incest, Arrogance And Force

Punan

Conclusion

“age” Identities

“age” Classifications

“age” Qualifications

“age” Identity Relationships

Kinship Identities

The Kindred

Distinctions Within The Kindred

Filiation And “kinsman” Identities

The Process Of Pairing

The Pair: “husband” And “wife”

Unfamiliar Affinals

Household And Homestead

Introduction

Organization

Band

General Remarks

Organization

The Band's Territory

Activities

History Of The Identity “headman”

Qualifications For “headman”

“headman” Status

Cluster

Introduction

Functions

Chapter Iv Aspects Of Semai Socialization And Adult Activity

Introduction

General Remarks

Difficulty Of Studying Socialization

Discontinuous Techniques And Sibling Rivalry

General Remarks

Discontinuous Training Techniques

Sibling Rivalry

Fear ( -sengőh )

General Remarks

Fear Of Snakes

Fears Connected With Death

Fear Of Thundersqualls

Fear Of Strangers

Aggression

General Remarks

Learning Non-aggression

Aggression In Adulthood

Fantasied Aggression

Sex

Learning Sexual Behavior

Adult Sexual Activities

“castration Anxiety”

Embarrassment ( Selniil )

Hunger And Appetite ( Chenuag )

General Remarks

Socialization Of Eating

Adult Attitudes Towards Eating

Defecation

Chapter V “taboo” And Related Concepts

Introduction

General Remarks

“taboo”

Not Eating Comestibles

Anxiety And The Inhibition Of Eating

General Remarks

Objections To This Approach

Reducing Anxiety

Concluding Remarks

Summary

Chapter Vi Food Neglect And Associated Behavior

Introduction

General Remarks

Economic Food Neglect

General Remarks

Taste

Odor

Rottenness And Toxicity

Abundance And Habitat

Size: The Lower Limit

Ritual-economic Food Neglect: The Effect Of Great Size

General Remarks

Species Involved

Analysis

Summary

Ritual Food Neglect

General Remarks

Unfamiliarity

Association With Human Beings

Chapter Vii The Objects Of Ritual Avoidance

Introduction

General Remarks

Size And Danger

Patterning Of Avoidance By Size Of Animal

Interpretation

Anthropomorphism

Patterning Of Avoidance By Anatomic Similarity To Man

Animals In Semai Ideology

Interpretation

Sex And Anomaly: Snakes And Their Ilk

Ritual Avoidance Of Snakes

Interpretation

Generalized Snake Avoidance

Economics Of Ritual Avoidance

Role Of Approach Tendencies

Analysis

Chapter Viii The Contexts Of Ritual Avoidance

Introduction

General Remarks

Pregnancy

General Remarks

Ritual Food Avoidances

Objective Risks Of Pregnancy

Subjective Risks Of Pregnancy

Alternative Interpretations

Childbirth And Postpartum

General Remarks

Ritual Food Avoidances

Objective Postpartum Risks

Subjective Postpartum Risks

Alternative Interpretations

Menstruation

General Remarks

Food Restrictions

Objective Risks Of Menstruation

Subjective Risks Of Menstruation

Alternative Interpretations

Correlation Of Situational Taboos

General Remarks

Interpretation

Alternative Interpretation

Chapter Ix The Ritual Avoidance Of Anomaly

Introduction

General Remarks

Penaliq

Introduction

Ethnobiological Taxonomy

Penaliq Classes

Euphemistic Taxonomy

Penaliq Ideology

Interpretation: The Act Of Not Mixing Foods

Interpretation: The Objects Of Penaliq

Interpretation: The Context Of Penaliq

Alternative Interpretation

Ritual Avoidance Of Anomalous Organisms

General Remarks

Anomalous Creatures

Interpretation

Summary And Conclusions

Summary

Conclusions

Chapter X Summary And Conclusions

Introduction

General Remarks

Method And Theory

Introduction

The Act Of Avoidance

The Objects Of Avoidance

The Context Of Avoidance

Ideology And Avoidance

Hypotheses

General Remarks

Possible Applications Of This Method And Theory

Method

Theory

Summary

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Some Senoi Semai dietary restrictions: a study of food behavior in a Malay hill tribe

Published By: Original publisher Ann Arbor, Mich.: University Microfilms International. 1988. 10, 575 leaves ill., map

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Robert Knox Dentan

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2012. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Semai (AN06)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF (15); Collecting (222); Hunting and trapping (224); (26); ; Family relationships (593); Kinship terminology (601); Kin relationships (602); Community heads (622);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This source is a study of the ritual treatment of food among the Senoi Semai of the Malay Peninsula. The first four chapters of the study discuss in detail the Senoi people and environment and Senoi subsistence strategies, social organization, and socialization. Following a chapter concerning the problems entailed in the study of ritual avoidances of food and the theoretical concepts employed in the study, in four chapters the author examines Semai food avoidances in terms of real or imagined dangers and in connection with ideology and language. Throughout this examination the author is concerned with differences in ritual food avoidances as they relate to highland and lowland groups or “clusters”.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 7

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. an06-007

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: UM 65-15,028 Thesis (Ph.D.) -- Yale University, 1965 Includes bibliographical references (p. 556-575) Often the author's conclusions regarding personality and behavioral processes related to food avoidances are tentative and might logically have been filed in Category 121. This, however, would have entailed extensive use of Category 121; instead, this in

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1961-1963

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Gerald Reid; 1989

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1947-1963

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) southern Perak and northwestern Pahang, Malaysia

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Senoi (Southeast Asian people)

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