Firth, Raymond, 1901-2002. Malay fishermen: their peasant economy

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Chpater I The Fishing Industry In Malaya And Indonesia

General Character Of Malayo-indonesian Sea Fishing 1

Market Relations


Practical Problems In The Fishing Industry

Some Theoretical Considerations

Structure Of An Oriental Peasant Economy

Chapter Ii Economics Of The Industry In Two Malay States (kelantan And Trengganu)

General Conditions And Importance

Fishing Population And Output

Equipment—details Of Types And Cost


Cost Of Fishing-boats

Types And Cost Of Nets

Capital Invested In Fishing-boats And Gear

Finance Of Boats And Nets

Fish-buying And Money-lending

Chapter Iii Structure Of A Sample Fishing Community

The Perupok Area, Kelantan

Its Economic History

Composition Of Its Population

External Economic Relationships

Distribution By Sex And “economic Stages”

Occupational Distribution

Chapter Iv Planning And Organization Of Fishing Activities

Preferences In The Use Of Labour And Capital

The Use Of Time In Lift-net Fishing

Organization Of Lift-net Fishing

The Role Of The Fishing Expert

The Fishing Expert And His Crew

Fluctuations In Lift-net Crews

Relations Between Fishing Expert And Carrier Agent

Strain And Re-alignment In Net-groups

Changes In Boat-grouping Of Nets

Relations Of Fishing Experts With One Another

The Ritual Factor In Organization

Chapter V Ownership Of Equipment And Management Of Capital

The Place Of Capital In The Peasant Economy

Volume Of Investment In Fishing Equipment

Ownership Of Equipment

Levels Of Individual Boat And Net Capital

Management Of Capital By Individuals

History Of One Man's Investments

Financing The Production And Maintenance Of Equipment

The Entrepreneur In Net Manufacture

Chapter Vi The Credit System In Financing Production

Seasonal Advances

Firendly Loans

Interest-bearing Loans

Interest Diguised As Profit-sharing

Mobilization Of Credit Through Capital Expenditure

Credit In The Marketing Of Goods

Chapter Vii Marketing Organization

The Middlemen

Wholesale Buying On The Beach

Samples Of Bargaining Technique

Features Of Bargaining

Graphs Of Price-determination

Cash, Credit, And Insurance Against Price-reduction

Arrangements Among The Wholesale Dealers

Intermediate And Retail Selling

The Market For Cured Fish

Inland Markets For Fish

Fluctuations In Fish Prices

Profits And Losses Of Middlemen


Chapter Viii The System Of Distributing Earnings

Sharing Out The Earnings From The Lift-net

Value Of The Shares

Distribution Of Earnings From Other Types Of Fishing

Fish For Home Consumption And Petty Cash

The Basic Principles Of Distribution

Chapter Ix Output And Levels Of Income

Estimated Value Of Annual Output

Levels Of Output From Lift-nets

Levels Of Output In Other Types Of Fishing

Importance Of The Output Figures

Levels Of Income

Chapter X Fishermen In The General Peasant Economy

Supplementary Sources Of Fishermen's Income

Samples Of Household Income

Peasant Standards Of Living

Poverty And Wealth In The Peasant Scheme

Tendencies To Change (by 1940)

Chapter Xi Fisheries Development And The Malay Peasant

Basic Problems

Technical Development

Economic Development

Social Change

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Malay fishermen: their peasant economy

Published By: Original publisher London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner & Co.. 1946. ix, 354 p. maps

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication by Raymond Firth

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2010. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Malays (AN05)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Fishing (226); Fishing gear (227); Internal trade (438); Settlement patterns (361); Wholesale marketing (442); Marine industries (228); External trade (439); Ethnic stratification (563); Income and demand (434); Preservation and storage of food (251); Research and development (654); Annual cycle (221); Land use (311); Topography and geology (133); Boats (501); Price and value (435); Mutual aid (476); Borrowing and lending (426); Wages and salaries (465);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This study is based on a general survey in 1939-1940 covering nearly all the fishing communities in the states of Kelantan and Trengganu and some villages in the north of Pahang. Firth carried out eight months of intensive work in fishing villages and associated communities near Perupok in the Bachok district of Kelantan. The organization and financing of production, ownership of equipment, marketing, output, and the distribution of proceeds from fishing are described, based on daily records for a six months' period of the value of catch in the area under study. Individual income from fishing and the relationships of individuals in the community are also covered.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 4

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. an05-004

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: 'Issued in cooperation with the Royal Institute of International Affairs and the Institute of Pacific Relations.' Includes bibliographical references (p. 348)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1939-1940

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. B. P. Emerson ; 1955

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1939-1946

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) The states of Kelantan and Trengganu; some villages in the north of Pahang; villages and associated communities near Perupok in the Bachok district of Kelantan

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Fish trade--Malay Peninsula//Fishers--Malay Peninsula


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