Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Gourou, Pierre, 1900-
Miller, Richard R.
The peasants of the Tonkin delta: a study in human
Published By: Original publisher
Paris: Les éditions d'Art et d'Histoire. 1936. HRAF ms.:
1-889 p. [original: 666 p.] [incomplete] ill., maps
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
[by] Pierre Gourou
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 2000. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Cereal agriculture (243);
Land use (311);
Settlement patterns (361);
Real property (423);
Internal trade (438);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
Gourou conducted field research for this classic
ethnography between 1927 and 1935, particularly 1931-1935. Gourou was a professor of
geography in the University of Bordeaux. The 'twofold interest' of the study lies in the
fact that the Tonkin Delta -- differing from the rest of Indochina -- was heavily
populated, and that it was almost exclusively inhabited by peasants. The conditions and the
causes of this heavy population are minutely explored. The natural uniformity of the
deltaic country contributed to create a 95 percent rural population, whose life centered
around the village. It produced little, consumed little, and lived in a closed economy.
Industry had not developed much beyond the familial level. The book is divided into three
main parts: I. Physical surroundings, II. The peasant population, and III. The means of
existence of the Tonkinese peasants.
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Component part(s), monograph
Language: Language that the document is written in
English translation from French
Translation of: [Les paysans du delta tonkinois :
étude de géograpie humaine]|This document consists of excerpts Includes bibliography
Translated from the French for the HRAF files by Richard R. Miller ca. 1953. Omitted: pages
603-646, 653-660, and in the translated text, end-pocket maps of French edition
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
Annemarie Holborn ; 1953; John Beierle ; 2006
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
northern (BAC BO) Vietnam
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings