Odgaard, Ole, 1958-. Living standards and poverty

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Living standards and poverty

Published in: if part or section of a book or monograph Mongolia in transition, edited by Ole Bruun and Ole Odgaard

Published By: Original publisher Mongolia in transition, edited by Ole Bruun and Ole Odgaard Richmond, Surrey: Curzon. 1996. 103-134 p. ill.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Ole Odgaard

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2006. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Mongolia (AH01)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Income and demand (434); Labor supply and employment (464); Wages and salaries (465); Household (592); Disabilities (732); Poverty (735); Dependency (736);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document In this chapter from the book 'Mongolia in Transition,' Odgaard tries to assess the degree of poverty Mongolia has fallen into in the post-socialist era. He examines the collapse of Mongolia's social service sector after Soviet Union subsidies were abolished in 1990. General unemployment and poverty have increased, especially in rural areas. To gage poverty, Odgaard looks at GDP estimates, household surveys, and opinion polls. For urban areas he examines wages, pensions, unemployment, number of orphans. For rural areas he examines household composition and income, and distribution of livestock. Health, education, the collapse of the welfare system, and rise of traditional networks of exchange and mutual assistant are also discussed.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 21

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. ah01-021

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Essay

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document unknown

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-4,5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Ian Skoggard ; 2005

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1990-1996

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Mongolia

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Mongolia


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