Bruun, Ole, 1953-. The herding household: economy and organization

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Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: The herding household: economy and organization

Published in: if part or section of a book or monograph Mongolia in transition, edited by Ole Bruun and Ole Odgaard

Published By: Original publisher Mongolia in transition, edited by Ole Bruun and Ole Odgaard Richmond, Surrey: Curzon. 1996. 65-89 p. ill.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Ole Bruun

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2006. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Mongolia (AH01)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Annual cycle (221); Pastoral activities (233); Production and supply (433); Income and demand (434); Division of labor by gender (462); Standard of living (511); Household (592);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document In this chapter from the book 'Mongolia in Transition,' Bruun examines herding households' transition to a market economy. One-third of Mongolia's population are herders. With the economic crisis of the 1990s a substantial number of the urban population returned to a herding way of life and a pre-modern means of subsistence, in spite of diminished social services and deteriorating communications and infrastructure in rural areas. With decollectivization, herders have had to rely more on individual household labor and skills, which has led to a growing income disparity among households. Bruun looks at household division of labor and the small household labor-sharing group, the AIL, which has survived. He also notes that few spontaneous organizations have emerged to replace the larger cooperative groups. Bruun discusses household budgets in the second part of the chapter, as well as, markets, corporate organizations, the communication system, and social services.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 20

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. ah01-020

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Essay

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document unknown

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnographer-4,5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Ian Skoggard ; 2005

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1987-1994

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Mongolia

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Mongolia


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