Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Bulag, Uradyn Erden
Nationalism and hybridity in Mongolia
Published By: Original publisher
Oxford ; New York: Clarendon Press ; Oxford University
Press. 1998. xv, 302 p. ill., map
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
Uradyn E. Bulag
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 2006. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Cultural identity and pride (186);
Ethnic stratification (563);
Tribe and nation (619);
Form and rules of government (642);
External relations (648);
Ideas about nature and people (820);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
This is a study of modern Mongolian identity by an author
of mixed Mongolian-Chinese parentage from Inner Mongolia. On a trip to Mongolia, Bulag
encountered prejudice by locals, who considered him Chinese, not Mongolian. This personal
experience prompted this study. Bulag examines the difference and tension between a narrow
subethnic-based nationalism and a more open, pan-Mongolianism, and how past political
history, current geopolitics, and socialist and capitalist development have influenced both
types of identity. He discusses how under Soviet-sponsored socialist development, the Hahl
ethnic group became institutionalized as the authentic Mongolian identity, thus
marginalizing all other Mongolian ethnic groups in the country. Bulag also discusses the
racialization of Mongol identity evident in the public discourse on the Mongolian blue
spot, perceived rise in the incidence of mental retardation, and use of the category of
'half-breed' (ERLIIZ) to describe Inner Mongolians. Bulag argues that in the past, hybrid
groups were able to form their own clans and thereby remain part of the tribe. However, no
equivalent mechanism exists today. Invoking the work of Salman Rushdie, Bulag advocates for
the future of a hybrid Inner Mongolian identity, one situated between Mongolia's racialized
identity and China's Han-centric Chinese identity.
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
Includes bibliographical references (p. -296) and
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
Ian Skoggard ; 2005
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
Mongolia and Inner Mongolia, China
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings