Krader, Lawrence. Kinship systems of the Altaic-speaking peoples of the Asiatic steppe

Table of Contents

Publication Information


The Problem Of Clan And Sib

Village And Family

Patrilineal Descent And Agnatic Relationship

Chapter I Buryats

Introduction: 18th Century

19th Century Buryat Kinship System—introduction

The Kuda River Buryats Of Cis-baikalia

Kuda Clan And Lineage

Ulus, Xoton And Aimak

The Settling Of Disputes

Further Note On The Ulus: The Olkhon Island Buryats

The Family



Territorial Kinship

Trans-baikal Buryats

Kinship Terminology: General Features

Kin Through The Father

Kin Through The Mother

Affinal Kin: (1) Phratrogamio Kin 101

Spousal Kin


Collective Kin Terms

The System Of Reference And Address

Chapter Ii Ordos Mongols


16th Century Social Structure

The Ordos Mongols During The Manchu Period

Ordos Social Structure: Banner, Clan And Sib

Marriage And The Family

The “christian” Mongols, Or Erk□t

Kinship Terminology: General Features

Kin Through The Father

Kin Through The Mother

Affinal Kin: Phratrogamic Kin

Affinal Kin Terms: Spousal Kin

General Terms; Collective Terms

Chapter Iii Volga Kalmuks

Introduction: Historical And Geographic


Social Structure: 1640–1771

Village Law And Kinship

Family And Marriage: 1640–1771

Social Structure: 1771 Through 19th Century

Family And Marriage: 1771 Through 19th Century

Kalmuk Society In The 20th Century

Kinship Terminology: General Remarks

Kin Through The Father

Kin Through The Mother

Affinal Kin: Phratrogamic Kin

Affinal Kin: Spousal Kin Terms

Adoption And Polygyny

General Terms

Chapter Iv The Monguor Of Kansu


Social Structure, Genealogical Clan And Named Sib

The Village

The Family


Anomalous Marriages


Kinship Terminology: General Features

Paternal Kin Terms

Maternal Kin Terms

Affinal Kin Terms: Phratrogamio Kin

Affinal Kin Terms: Spousal Kin

General Kinship Terms


The Corporate Entity

The Kin-village

The Family

Marriage, Inheritance

Avunculate And Cognatic Kinship


Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Kinship systems of the Altaic-speaking peoples of the Asiatic steppe

Published By: Original publisher [s.l.]: [s.n.]. [n.d.]. viii, 627 p. ill., maps

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication [by] Lawrence Krader

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2006. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Mongolia (AH01)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Culture summary (105); Kinship terminology (601); Kin relationships (602); Kin groups (610);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This is a comparative and historical study of the kinship systems and social structures of the Turco-Mongol steppe peoples of Asia, with extensive analysis of the Buryat Mongols, the Ordos Mongols, the Volga Kalmyk, the Monguor of Kansu, and the Kazakh-Kirgiz. It also includes data on the Orkhon-Yenisei Turks of the 6th-8th centuries A.D., the eastern Mongols of the 13th-17th centuries (Khalkha annd Chahar Mongols), and the Kazakhs of the Altai. The central problem raised by the author is 'to determine whether common kinship features form a distinctive structure, such that the transition from one to the other can be demonstrated to be systematic and orderly; i.e., to determine whether there is a common pattern upon which each people has composed a variation.' The source is particularly rich in data and analyses of kinship terminology, community structure, the legal and sociological aspects of inheritance, and the economic and ecological bases of these steppe societies. The material presented and analyzed is based on a wide coverage of the historical and ethnological literature on the area and the particular peoples involved. There are numerous charts and tables, and a comprehensive bibliography is provided at the end of Part II. HRAF pagination has been added for the appendix.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 10

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. ah01-010

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Component part(s), monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Manuscript obtained on loan from the library of the Peabody Museum of American Archaeology and Ethnology Thesis (Ph.D.) -- Harvard University, 1953 Includes bibliography Information on the descent group which the author terms a 'clan' has been indexed for Clans (614).

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document No date

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Social Scientist-4

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Eugene Lerner ; 1955

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1200-1950

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) China, Mongolia, and Russia

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Mongols--Ethnology/Mongols--Kinship


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