Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Schram, Louis, 1883-
The Monguors of the Kansu-Tibetan frontier: Part III. Records
of the Monguor clans : history of the Monguors in Huangchung and the chronicles of the Lu
Published By: Original publisher
Philadelphia, Pa.: American Philosophical Society. 1961.
117 p. maps
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
[by] Louis M. J. Schram
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 2005. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
External relations (648);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
This is a historical study of the Monguor clans in
Huangchung during the Ming and Ch'ing dynasties (1368-1911), based on the Annals of
Hsinging and the Annals of Kansu. Father Schram, 'in order to make the history
understandable,' begins his study from Huangchung during the Tang period (620-906). The
latter half of this monograph is the history of a Monguor t'u-ssu clan, the most prominent
among the clans. This study covers in detail some means used by the Chinese emperors to
favorably impress the Monguors and to make them loyal defenders of the empire; the pecular
mentality of the Monguor t'u-ssu family; and the process of Sinicization of the Monguors.
The author introduces the different ethnic and tribal elements which constitute the
Huangchung population without presenting a working definition of Monguors in Huangchung.
This may cause difficulty and confusion for the reader. Although most of the data in this
monograph pertain to the history of the Monguor and not to contemporary conditions, the
material has been indexed in terms of contemporary Monguor society.
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
Huangchung is the historical name for the Xining
region of present-day eastern Qinghai Province, lying north and west of the Yellow River,
near the border of Gansu Province. Before 1928, Qinghai was part of Gansu Province and
known as Kokonor. Historical Gansu Province was divided into Kokonor (West Kansu),
Huangchung (Xining region) and East Kansu (Present-day Gansu Province.) Includes
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
Hesung C. Koh ; 1961
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
Xining Prefecture, Qinghai Province,
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings
Mongour (Chinese people)