Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Schram, Louis, 1883-
Lattimore, Owen, 1900-
The Monguors of the Kansu-Tibetan frontier: their origin,
history and social organization
Published By: Original publisher
Philadelphia, Pa.: American Philosophical Society. 1954.
138 p. maps
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
[by] Louis M.J. Schram ; introduction by Owen
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 2005. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Historical reconstruction (174);
Acculturation and culture contact (177);
Avuncular and nepotic relatives (604);
Localized kin groups (618);
Community structure (621);
Taxation and public income (651);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
This study concentrates on the clan and family life of the
Monguor who live just east of Kokonor, on the Kansu-Chinghai boundary. Special attention is
given to the effects of Chinese indirect rule upon Monguor social organization; i.e., the
transformation of the clan chief into the T'u-ssu and the resulting changes in land tenure
and local government. There is much description of acculturation between Monguor, Chinese,
and Tibetan. An introduction by Owen Lattimore (pp. 4-17) summarizes the book. Two maps
locate precisely the people described by Father Schram.
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
Includes bibliographical references Schram lived in
Xining (Hsining) district, or prefecture, in western Gansu (Kansu) Province, a region known
as Kokonor. After he left, Xining became the capital of the new province of Qinghai
(Chinghai). The Monguor territory was centered on Xining, if not strictly congruent with
the prefecture, and included land along the Qinghai-Gansu border. For specificity sake, I
limited the place coverage designation to Xining Prefecture, Qinghai Province. Schram bases
his study on his ethnographic fieldwork (1911-1921) and historical records from the Ming
(1368-1644) and Qing (1644-1912) Dynasties, the former includes references from the Mongol
period (1271-1368). (Notes added by Ian Skoggard, 2004)
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
Arthur Fields ; 1956
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
Xining Prefecture, Qinghai Province,
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings
Mongour (Chinese people)