Adams, William Yewdale, 1927-. Wage labor and the San Carlos Apache

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Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Wage labor and the San Carlos Apache

Published in: if part or section of a book or monograph Apachean culture history and ethnology, edited by Keith H. Basso and Morris E. Opler ; Collaborating authors : William Y. Adams [and others]

Published By: Original publisher Apachean culture history and ethnology, edited by Keith H. Basso and Morris E. Opler ; Collaborating authors : William Y. Adams [and others] Tucson: University of Arizona Press. 1971. 115-133 p.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication William Y. Adams and Gordon V. Krutz

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2002. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Western Apache (NT21)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Labor supply and employment (464);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This article provides a two-part analysis of wage labor among the Western Apache of the San Carlos Reservation. The first part, a study by Adams based on research conducted in 1954, traces historically the development of wage labor in the reservation era and attempts to determine the degree of success of integrating the San Carlos into a national or regional economy. Krutz' study, comprising the second half of the analysis and based on work conducted in 1970, posits that the unwillingness of the Western Apache to engage more extensively in off-reservation wage labor is part of a strategy of resistance to assimilation. The persisting significance of kinship ties, obligation to ceremonial participation, and job skill levels are also discussed in the context of wage labor.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 36

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. nt21-036

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Essay

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Based on the Apachean Symposium, held at the 69th annual meeting of the American Anthropological Association, Nov., 1969, New Orleans Includes bibliographical references

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1954 (Adams) ; 1970 (Krutz)

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist (Adams), Educator (Krutz)-4,5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Delgra Childs ; John Beierle ; 1980

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1870-1970

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) San Carlos Apache, east central Arizona, United States

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Western Apache Indians

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