Appell, George N.. Land tenure and development among the Rungus of Sabah, Malaysia

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Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Land tenure and development among the Rungus of Sabah, Malaysia

Published in: if part or section of a book or monograph Modernization and the emergence of a landless pesantry : essays on the integration of peripheries to socioeconomic centers, edited by G. N. Appell

Published By: Original publisher Modernization and the emergence of a landless pesantry : essays on the integration of peripheries to socioeconomic centers, edited by G. N. Appell Williamsburg, Va.: Boswell Printing and Pub. Co.. 1985. 110-155 p.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication G. N. Appell

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2002. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Rungus Dusun (OC13)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Acculturation and culture contact (177); Economic planning and development (179); Cultural participation (184); Real property (423); Ethnic stratification (563); Political parties (665); Religious denominations (795);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document In this paper, Appell discusses the impact of modernization on Rungus economy and land tenure. The first part of the article is a review of Rungus social organization and economy. The second part looks at the impact of modernization. Appell discusses ethnic relations and the devaluation of the Rungus by English government officers, Chinese shopkeepers, and Muslim traders, who employ the usual epithets: 'dirty,' 'dumb,' and 'lazy.' According to Appell, the Rungus have not succumbed to this negative stereotyping, but have sought to take control of their economy and future. They realize the value of education and send their children off to schools. Conversion to Christianity is seen as an opportunity to distinguish themselves from the Chinese and Muslims. Politically they are active in the Dusun-speaking people's Kadazan Cultural Association. The government's implementation of permanent individual ownership of the land has resulted in a change from uxorilocal to virilocal residence and also to the erosion of the corporate nature of the village.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 3

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. oc13-003

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Component part(s), monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 152-155)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1959-1963, 1986

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-4,5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Ian Skoggard ; 2000

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1950-1986

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Kudat District, Sabah, Malaysia

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Dusun (Bornean people)

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