Alvarez, Robert R.. Familia: immigration and adaptation in Baja and Alta California, 1800-1975

Table of Contents

Publication Information


Plan Of The Book

1 The Historical And Geographic Background Of Mobility

The Geography

The Northwest: The Frontera

The Desert

The Cape

The Climate

Discovery And Settlement

The Context Of Discovery

After Discovery: Exploration And The Manila Galleon

The Settlement And Colonization Of The Peninsula

2 Nineteenth-century Developments: The Socioeconomic Context Of Migration

Foreign Interests And The Development Of Mining

The Baja Coast: Open Territory

The Revival Of Mining

Baja And The U.s.-mexican War

The California Gold Rush: Baja Rediscovered

The Porfiriato: Foreign Concessions And The Mining Economy, 1870–1900

American Investments

Foreign Antecedents Of Baja Californios

The Technological Development Of Mining

Progress Of Transportation

The Baja Mining Circuit And Peninsular Families

The Development Of The Frontera

3 The Social, Geographic, And Temporal Basis Of Network Formation

Calmallí: The Mining Circuit And Early Formulation, 1880–1910

Calexico And San Diego: La Frontera And Early Formalization, 1910–1930

The Second Stream

Mobility At The End Of The Twenties

San Diego-lemon Grove: Florescence, 1930–1950

4 Calmallí: The Mining Circuit And Early Network Development, 1880–1910

Calmallí: The Geographic Nexus

The Characteristics Of The Baja Network

Core Individuals And Families

Confianza: The Basis Of Relationships

North To Calmallí

Los Marquez: A Mining Family

Los Mesa—smith: Comondú Migrants

Los Castellanos: Mining Circuit Friendship

Calmallí: The Social Nexus

Don Loreto Marquez

Los Smith

Los Castellanos

North To The Frontera: A Period Of Transition

Los Castellanos: To San Diego And Back

Los Smith: The Trek To Calexico

Don Loreto Marquez: El Cajon And The Mines Again

5 San Diego And Calexico: The Frontera And Early Network Formalization

Parentesco: A Regionally Based Kinship

La Frontera: A New Environment

The Border And Immigration

San Diego, 1900–1920: The Early Steamship Migrants

Nicolás Ceseña

Los Lieras

Los Hollman

The Second Stream: The Twenties And Thirties

Los Mesa-romero And Los Mesa-bareño

6 San Diego-lemon Grove: Florescence, 1930–1950

Calexico To San Diego

Manuel Smith: Kin Ties And Support

Olayo Romero: Kin And Jobs

Los Castellanos And Los Sotelo: Adoption And Life-cycle Transition

The Frontera Towns: Geographic And Family Connections

Lemon Grove

The Processes And Mechanisms Of Network Formation

Apex Families

Apex Individuals


Recurring Kin Connections

Family Ideology

7 Epilogue

8 Conclusion

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information


Title: Familia: immigration and adaptation in Baja and Alta California, 1800-1975

Published By: Berkeley: University of California Press, 1987. xv, 213 p.: ill.

By line: Robert R. Alvarez, Jr.

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: HRAF, 2002. Computer File

Culture: Chicanos (N007)

Subjects: External migration (167); Social relationships and groups (571); Kin relationships (602);

Abstract: This book is a social history about a group of pioneer families that migrated north from southern Baja, California and settled along the United States - Mexico border. Many of these families have direct kinship ties to the author. Alvaraez reconstructs the history that brought these migrants to the border area and attempts to identify the sociocultural patterns involved in their migration and adaptation to a new cultural environment. The author describes in detail complex geographical, political, and economic factors concerned with the migrations, and the development of networks associated with the interrelationships of families through friendships, marriages, and COMPADRAZGO relations.

Document Number: 35

Document ID: n007-035

Document Type: Monograph

Language: English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 193-201) and index

Field Date: September 1975-January 1977

Evaluation: Ethnologist-4,5

Analyst: John Beierle ; 2001

Coverage Date: 1800s - 1970s

Coverage Place: San Diego, California, United States

LCSH: Mexican Americans


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