Archer, W. G. (William George), 1907-
Tribal law and justice: a report on the Santal
New Delhi: Concept, 1984. 3 v. in 1 (xxxvi, a-k, 741 p.): ill.
W. G. Archer ; with an introduction by K. S. Singh
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
HRAF, 1998. Computer File
Mode of marriage (583);
Informal in-group justice (627);
Legal norms (671);
Sex and marital offenses (684);
Judicial authority (692);
Organized ceremonial (796);
Archer, a Deputy Commissioner of Santal Parganas during the period of December 1942-June 1945, presents in this document an analysis of Santal tribal law which he observed in operation during the period of his administration. The work is divided into three major parts. Part I discusses civil law in Santal society, based in large part on the application of customary law to various offenses through the judicial system (i.e., the village courts and the Court of Five MANJHIS). Part II describes various ramifications of the application of BITLAHA sanctions to criminal justice. BITLAHA is the Santal term used to describe a mass punishment for major tribal offenses. Part III of this report deals with the structure of the judicial system in tribal regions (with special reference to the Santal Parganas), showing in effect the erosion of customary law and their supercession by statutory law (p. xvii). This section contains a number of suggestions by the author on how the Santal judicial system could be improved. In addition to the above, this study also contains much information on the right of men and women in the society, marriage and divorce, birth, naming customs, sickness, and death, relevant to the period studies (1942-1945).
Document ID: aw42-007
'Published under the Authority of the Bitlaha Government'.
Includes bibliographical references (p. 734-741)
December 1942-June 1945
John Beierle ; 1996
Santal Parganas District, Bihar, India
Santal (South Asian people)