Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Ahmed, Akbar S.
Pukhtun economy and society: traditional structure and
economic development in a tribal society
Published By: Original publisher
London ; Boston: Routledge & Kegan Paul. 1980. 16, 406
p. ill., maps
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
Akbar Salahudin Ahmed
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 2002. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Ingroup antagonisms (578);
Public welfare (657);
Territorial hierarchy (631);
External relations (648);
Cultural identity and pride (186);
Standard of living (511);
Nuclear family (594);
Extended families (596);
Education system (871);
Gender status (562);
Legal norms (671);
Tribe and nation (619);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
In this work the author attempts to construct an ideal-type
model of Pashtun society based primarily on his field work and the ideal code of the
Pashtuns called the pukhtunwali, which revolves around agnatic rivalry (tarboorwali) and
the preservation of the honor of women (tor). Pashtun society confers honor and status on
its members through acts approximating how closely one can come to achieving these ideals.
According to Ahmed, adherence to the ideal code of pukhtunwali is greatest in Pashtun
society when interaction with larger state systems (e.g., Pakistan or Afghanistan) is
minimal and when that segment of the society is located in an economically poor geographic
zone. To test this hypothesis the author compares Tribal Area Mohmands (TAM) representing
the ideal (nang) society with the Settled Area Mohmand (SAM) who represent the encapsulated
(qalang) or acculturated element. The detailed comparisons of these two societal units make
up the greater part of this source. In addition to the above, information will also be
found in this source on social organization, lineages, patron and client
relations,settlements and domestic structure, marriage, economics, income, inheritance,
education, and markets.
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
Includes bibliographical references (p. 379-397)
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Ethnologist, Government Official-4,5
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
John Beierle ; 1987
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
mid-nineteenth century - 1970s
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
Mohmand Pashtun, Mohmand Agency and Peshwar
District, northwestern Pakistan
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings